Day trips to beautiful, historic German cities. I will describe my impressions, some historical information, and what makes each city special. Some trips may be connected to course information, but this is not the primary category for course research.
I got to see a new part of Kiev today! A permanent flea market with an open-air book market. It was wonderful to dive into the stacks of books.. to test my knowledge of reading Russian and to discover some books in English, German and French. My buddy also found a book he had been searching for!! Schwein gehabt 🙂
Despite the cold, rainy and grey weather, I had a great time. I feel like most big cities have these layers. As short-time tourists, we stay on a level of tourism.. only seeing attractions but not getting to know the city as it lives naturally. Ordinary parts of a city aren’t so ordinary when you find something you like. Like going to a book market as a book lover. I enjoyed myself and am glad that I keep finding new things to do and see.
For those interested, the book market along with the other flea markets there are directly at the station Pochaina (formerly Petrivka) on the blue line of the metro. In my post about Kiev, I mentioned a collection of shops at an underground crossing near Arsenalna station that sell a decent variety of new books, but this area is a typical flea market with a huge collection of used books especially in Russian language. Likealocalguide.com says that it’s the biggest book market in Ukraine with books of all genres and an authentic atmosphere. And I agree! It’s an authentic place with so much history and so many beautiful stories waiting to be discovered –> Petrivka Market
If you have read Part 1, or the introduction to this blog, you would know that I attended Georgia State University in Atlanta, Georgia and majored in German. Yes, I said “attended” because I have already graduated! I graduated summa cum laude with Advanced Honors as well as an overall GPA of 4.10 and a major GPA of 4.17.
Not only did I finish my major coursework here in Germany by doing online courses with my home university, but the summer semester has also ended in Erlangen. The semester seemed really short and there were many holidays. It started in April and ended mid-July.
My next trips are to Budapest and Prague before I finish packing to leave my 11-month stay in Germany and travel to Ukraine to do a homestay while attending an intensive Russian-language course. It is bittersweet to leave because by the second semester, I really had a routine here, started opening up more and had better classes. Plus, summer is a great time to be in Germany! But, I know that I will return someday and it’s time to bring all the wonderful and challenging experiences I’ve had here back home and touch base with my loving family and friends. I have been a bit Germanized so it will be an adjustment being back home in Georgia, USA. So enough about my finished studies and future plans let’s talk about the amazing Vilnius, Lithuania!
But before I get into my trip there, I want to share a bit of information about the country Lithuania and its capital Vilnius:
Lithuania is one of the three Baltic States located east of Denmark and Sweden in northern Europe. The population is estimated to be just under 3 million. It shares borders with Latvia, Belarus and Poland.
The official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages (along with Latvian) in the Baltic-branch of the Indo-European family. Fun fact: Among Indo-European languages, Lithuanian is conservative in some grammatical and phonological aspects having retained archaic features otherwise only found in ancient languages like Sanskrit or Ancient Greek. It is therefore an important source for reconstructing the Proto-Indo-European language.
Lithuania is a member of the European Union (including the eurozone and Schengen Agreement.) Here is a short timeline of the country’s history:
The shores of the Baltic Sea were inhabited by various Baltic tribes for centuries.
The Kingdom of Lithuania was created in the 1200s. Kind Mindaugas unified the Lithuanian lands and declared the first unified Lithuanian state.
In the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe. Present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and parts of Poland and Russian were territories of the Grand Duchy.
There was a two-state union between Lithuania and Poland in 1569 (the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), which lasted for more than two centuries until the Russian Empire annexed most of Lithuania’s territory in the late 1700s.
Around the end of WWI, Lithuania’s Act of Independence was signed, founding the Republic of Lithuania.
During WWII, Lithuania was occupied both by the Nazis and the Soviets. By the end of the war, the Germans had retreated and the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania.
In March of 1990, a year before the Soviet Union formally dissolved, Lithuania declared independence and became again the independent State of Lithuania after 50 years of Soviet occupation.
Vilnius is both the capital and largest city in Lithuania with more than 570,000 residents. The city is in the southeast of Lithuania. It is the seat of the main government institutions of Lithuania and is on a global-scale both economically and culturally important. Architecture in the Old Town was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994, and, in 2009, Vilnius was declared the European Capital of Culture.
The Old Town, with well over 1,000 buildings built over several centuries, is the historical center of the city. Vilnius is primarily classified as a Baroque city, but there are examples of Gothic, Renaissance and additional styles of architecture. Following are some of the highlights of the Old Town.
Travelling to Vilnius, Lithuania: My friend and I had actually planned to do a trip with a travel group but the tickets were sold out after we tried to purchase ours. She searched for cheap flights and we ended up booking two trips: one to Vilnius and the other to Thessaloniki, Greece. In the end, we saved money on these trips and got to do and see a lot more. Before our trips, we met up and watched some travel videos about our destinations and we both researched sightseeing to have in mind while exploring the new cities. I would recommend spending at least 3 days in Vilnius and maybe even up to 5. I’m not saying you would be bored after 5, but you would have had plenty of time to see major sites without being so rushed. We were there for 2 days, which was still very nice but I really felt at home in Vilnius and, looking back, there were a few more things that I would have liked to have seen.
Day 1: We had a very early flight, which meant that as soon as we arrived, the exploration was to begin. From the airport, we took a bus in the city center. We didn’t get off at a specific point but decided we could walk from there to the areas we wanted to see. We had coffee and started to take in the new atmosphere. Two of my first impressions were: how well-dressed and fashionable the women were and that most workers spoke good English. Some of the older people, who had outdoor stands for example, also still spoke Russian.
Our first destination was an alternative district of the city with an interesting history: Užupis, which means place beyond the river.
It used to be one of the more run down districts during the Soviet era, but it is now home to bohemian artists and their many galleries and workshops. It was declared an independent republic on April Fool’s Day in 1997.
We were able to catch one of the “free” tours (meaning only tips for the guide and no set price) in Užupis and learned some little details we wouldn’t have known otherwise. It has its own flag, currency, president, cabinet of ministers, constitution, an anthem, and an army (numbering approximately 11 men). It’s not recognized as a Republic by any government, so it’s hard to tell how serious it’s meant to be taken.
By the way, you can get your passport stamped there. Here’s an informative video from Deutsche Welle if you’re curious for more: Uzupis. Supposedly, prices are really rising in this area and housing is no longer as affordable as it once was for local artists. The district is definitely worth a visit though.
After the “free” tour, we had lunch and decided to find some Kvas. Kvas is a traditional Slavic and Baltic drink made from rye bread. It is classified as non-alcoholic and I think it’s delicious! It’s similar to soda/fizzy drinks but has a unique taste.
I suggest doing a tour with a local guide to learn some interesting facts and not miss out on some cool areas of the city. It didn’t feel too large though and we were able to navigate fine with Google maps.
We went to the main square, climbed the tower and enjoyed the beautiful view before we climbed the hill to the Three Crosses. Between the square and the hill is a castle (actually on another hill), but due to renovations we could not climb up there; however, the view from the hill of the Three Crosses was incredible. We didn’t feel cheated by not having seen the castle. If you need directions, don’t be afraid to ask locals –like I said many speak very good English and seemed friendly enough to answer a few questions.
It’s always nice travelling with someone who has similar interests so that you’re in agreement about what to do. It also makes for a nice atmosphere when you can exchange impressions of a new place with someone who you connect with. We really felt at home in Vilnius and loved the city. One thing that we didn’t expect was to get lucky with shopping. We went to a mall and several different stores and I found some great items that you wouldn’t find where we live in Germany. It’s a fashionable city with good selection!
The rest of our day was spent eating good food (both sweets and a nice dinner), exploring more of the city, finding a hotel room and checking out the city again at night. Here a few snapshots of our shenanigans.
Day 2: Since we had seen so much on the first day, we took it a bit easier the next day. We started with an amazing breakfast. With more delights of East-European cuisine like buckwheat porridge and tea with raspberries.
Our next stop was the Vilnius Museum of Genocide/KGB prison. Many parts of the exhibit are written in Lithuanian and/or Russian, so a tour guide would be helpful; tours are available in English and Russian. At the museum, you can see authentic cells of a former KGB prison and former offices of KGB officials.
The museum was established in 1992 and is a symbol of the Soviet occupation of Lithuania–a time that was both hard and tragic for Lithuania and its people. Lithuania lost its independence and was brutally repressed, but in the museum you have the chance to discover that many Lithuanians were self-sacrificing and persistent in their fight for independence. There is also an exhibit about the Nazi occupation and the Holocaust in Vilnius.
After the museum, we did more shopping, exploring and spent some time at the river after grabbing snacks from a super market. That is something I recommend for tourists in a new city. It’s cheaper than always eating out and you have a better idea of what natives buy, cook and eat on a regular basis.
Well that’s pretty much it about our time in Vilnius. We caught the bus early the next morning to the airport. I loved the city and I think you will too. Since it’s not so well-known, I found it necessary to add some facts about the country and Vilnius itself =)
For more information about what to do and see in Vilnius, check out:
It’s time now on my flight leaving Greece to reflect on my trips in Europe and put my adventures into words. I’ve been on three trips (or maybe 2 1/2 is a better description) since the last time I wrote about my travels. A bus ride and morning stop in Liechtenstein with half-a-day spent in Innsbruck, Austria. Two days in Vilnius, Lithuania. And three days in Greece (Epanomi and Thessaloniki). In this post, I will cover a trip I made back in September then begin with my trip to Lithuania. In the following post, I will discuss my bus ride to the German-speaking countries of Liechtenstein and Austria and finish with my time in Greece.
The semester has started again in Germany. Three weeks of classes are already behind me. I still have German language classes; I finally got to have Russian again and I’ve even started a beginners French class. In just a few weeks now, I will be a college graduate with a Bachelor of Arts in German Language & Literature. I have about 3 1/2 more months in Germany before I return to Georgia, USA. As far as my next plans.. well, I’m planning to apply to a couple honors graduate programs both in the USA and in England. I’d like to study journalism, history and maybe even something connected to art or politics. When I return to USA, I want to travel—slowly see all 50 States. And before I make it back to the States, I want to study Russian language in Ukraine for at least four weeks. Not to mention, I would also like to work as an English teacher in Asia within the next few years. Another travel goal, is to visit all former countries of the Soviet Union.
You may ask if my trip to Slovenia was in September why am I writing about it now? But, it’s all connected and my trip there was amazing so I think it’s worth sharing. It’s a trip that I definitely recommend! Two weeks into my study abroad program here, my intensive German language course started. It was Monday-Friday. (Fridays ended a bit earlier.) The class lasted at least 3 hours each day. That means that with a relatively small group (about 15 students), we got to know each other during the 2 1/2 weeks pretty well. It was also still vacation time so most students weren’t too worried about their studies yet. We talked a lot and had a nice time together. One of the other female students mentioned a travel group called Euro Trip Adventures, that was going to Slovenia over the weekend. I hadn’t heard much about Slovenia, but the suggestion intrigued me and I bought myself a ticket. Unfortunately, the tickets were sold out before my friend could get hers so I ended up going alone. As I mentioned in the post about Switzerland, Euro Trip Adventures can be an easy way to get know new people while traveling. So it turned out just fine going alone!
Night time in Ljubljana
~night time in Ljubljana, Slovenia~
Overnight bus rides are quite exhausting–as was my bus ride to Slovenia and back again the next day to Germany. Space is limited and you have to be able to kill time during the journey. I recommend bringing water, healthy snacks, a pillow, your phone charger, cash, a book or games and toiletries for freshening up. My stop (in Erlangen, Germany) was first so I had gotten comfortable and was able to fall asleep by the time the last group got on the bus. Euro Trip Adventures usually stops in at least 4 cities in Germany to pick up all the travelers. It was a actually pretty funny because I laughed out loud in my sleep–no idea what I was dreaming about–and quite a few people heard me and I ended up waking myself up, but not really caring that I had laughed, and falling back asleep. I ended up making friends with the guy who sat next to me. So I hadn’t scared him too bad by laughing in my sleep 😀
In the morning, we stopped at a truck stop so that we could freshen up, use the bathroom and have breakfast. It was still another hour or two before we reached Lake Bled in Slovenia. By the way, most buses offer snacks and drinks so cash always comes in handy! The tour guide collected the money from everyone who wanted to do a tour of Ljubljana. That’s the capital of Slovenia and quite a lovely city (more about it soon.) The tour either cost 10 or 15 Euros.
Lake Bled itself was such a stunning and serene site. We had about 3.5 hours there, which was plenty! The lake was an amazing color and so clear. We had enough time to climb the steep hill and enjoy the view from the castle. The view was incredible! Being at the castle and looking down on the water was magnificent and fairy-tale-like. My eyes devoured the scenery. We also had time to have cake at the castle-café (the view was also quite nice from the other side of the castle at the café) and more time to explore down below and walk around the area near the lake. There was an entry fee to the castle–about 10 Euros. Slovenia is part of the European Union and uses the Euro so we didn’t have to worry about exchanging currency.
The bus ride from Lake Bled to Ljubljana lasted–if I’m not mistaken–about 90 minutes. At Ljubljana we had about 8 hours to explore the city. The tour leader took us from the bus stop into the city center and told us where we would meet for the tour with a local guide. Before the tour, we had time to explore some of the city. I had lunch and got to check out many different parts of the city like the center, some side streets and the market area as well as the many bridges. I hadn’t done too much research about tips, sightseeing or the history of Ljubljana before the excursion, but I learned quite a bit on the tour! The tour guide was awesome. He was a history teacher and seemed passionate about the city and his country. The city was charming. The history quite interesting. And overall, we got to see a lot during the tour. What I got from the tour was that Slovenia is an interesting mix of Slavic, Roman and Germanic/Austrian heritage. You can see multiple influences in the architecture. There are, of course, authors, poets and thinkers that are Slovenian–part of their own story and heritage. Quite a lot of history is represented in artwork and sculptures in Ljubljana. I was engaged and impressed by the beauty of the city and its history. The tour even included a trip up to the castle in Ljubljana. After the tour, we had more time to explore the city. I got to try local beer and wine, see more areas of the city and experience the beautiful night-time atmosphere of the lights and bridges.
To conclude, I thought Ljubljana was clean, charming, cute, inviting and somewhat romantic. It felt like the city greeted me with a nice, warm hug. And I learned more about history. There’s never just one story and our world is so rich with different cultures that aren’t mainstream but still very special. Stay tuned for Part 2 which will be about my trip to Lithuania and an update about my studies here and back home!
September 1, 2017: I saw a concentration camp for the first time this week. I was in Munich before I traveled to Erlangen. I went on a tour to Dachau. Even though I was physically at the place, it was still hard for me to picture the terror that occurred there. Because something so terrible, yet so controlled is simply unthinkable. The tour guide really knew a lot about the history of the concentration camp and I learned a lot of details that I previously did not know. For example, that Dachau was used as a safe place for refugees in the 1950s.
Dachau was the model for other camps. It was first. The quote on the front gate of the camp reads “Arbeit macht frei.” Working was supposed to “rehabilitate criminals and other wrong-doers.” There were some German speaking victims who lived in the camp, but many came from different countries and could not speak German. The largest group of prisoners came from Poland, followed by Germany and then citizens of the former Soviet Union. Therefore, some of them could not even understand these quotes, which were supposed to guide their every-day thinking. As soon as they arrived at Dachau, prisoners were stripped of their individuality and basic human dignity. It did not matter if they had a uniform that fit or shoes that matched. Their entire body was shaved. They were placed into a category according to “the crime that they committed.” (See below.)
Apart from having to work 12-hour shifts after only eating a thin soup, the victims were subjected to various types of torture by the guards. The fear and discipline there was so intense that guards barely had to supervise when prisoners admitted new prisoners or had a role as a leader among fellow prisoners. Many prisoners died from starvation and diseases since hygiene was so poor and quarters were so close. Although the Nazis tried to keep it hidden, many prisoners committed suicide by jumping onto the electric fence surrounding the grounds.
The first crematorium was too small to keep up will all the deaths and a second had to be built. (The second featured disinfection “showers” in one part of the building.) Apart from the physical abuse from guards (some really awful forms of torture were used) and lack of nutrition and individuality, prisoners also lived in extremely crowded conditions. Where 200 men should be living according to the size of the housing, 2,000 men were living there. The beds were not divided but rather a huge wooden bunk bed.
The true situation of the camp was not portrayed in newspapers as such. Work camps were supposed to be something good for the country. The Nazis didn’t build murder camps in their back yard in order to hide what was happening in a neighboring country like Poland. There were numerous concentration camps in Germany and a few death camps as well, but Dachau is not considered to be one of them. It is still estimated that there were 200,000 prisoners at Dachau and deaths as high as 30,000.
If someone tried to escape the camp, they would have most likely failed due to the ditches and large electric fences around the grounds. There was also an SS academy (SS: “Schutzstaffel”- a Nazi security group) nearby as a final threat. Prisoners also saw the academy when they were walking by foot to the camp during arrival–a threatening introduction to Dachau. Sick were kept separately until they got better (if they got better). Even some experiments were held there such as tests with air pressure to see what humans could withstand as well as hypothermia experiments. Hundreds of prisoners suffered, died or were executed in the medical experiments.
Political prisoners, who had attempted to murder Hitler or who had committed similar crimes, had larger quarters in special facilities. For example, Georg Else, a Swabian carpenter who attempted to kill Hitler on a lone mission, lived under relatively favored conditions until he was shot dead in front of a wall in Dachau. Else had installed a time-bomb in the Munich Beer Hall, where Hitler commemorated the anniversary of the failed Nazi 1923 putsch. Due to foggy weather, Hitler changed his travel plans to an earlier train ride and the bomb went off after Hitler was already gone. Such political prisoners were killed before the camp was liberated by Americans under Hitler’s orders. If seeing all these horrible facilities as an informational museum wasn’t heart-breaking enough, they also played a film that told the story of the Holocaust and of Dachau with original footage.
There are also numerous artistic and religious memorials throughout the grounds that commemorate the victims and urge us to never forget. WWII and the Holocaust are discussed to great extent in American schools. What isn’t discussed enough is the 150 years leading up to the Nazi siege of power, which teaches us how such horror developed due to political instability and poor living and working conditions. The horrible crimes that were committed were not based on a single decision, but were part of a long process of terror, propaganda and total control by the Nazi government. We might be aware of fascist aesthetics and hate among others, but would we be willing to stand up to it? Would we be passive and live off the struggle of others? Or would we too become a victimizer when our governmental authority tells us that it is okay? (A video series about social psychology– to help us understand how such horrible things could happen anywhere)
The following photos are of the various religious memorials at Dachau.
That’s it for this entry! I shared what I learned about the camp during the tour. I introduced the camp and some of what happened during the Third Reich. The Third Reich is a very extensive topic in German History. Too much has been destroyed and lost to even paint a full picture of every atrocity that happened at Dachau. But, we know enough to hopefully never allow something like the Holocaust to happen again. And I hope that you are feeling grateful rather than depressed after reading this. I strongly recommend Man’s Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl. The book is a response to the question: “How was everyday life in a concentration camp reflected in the mind of the average prisoner?” Frankl was a psychologist and Auschwitz concentration camp inmate. It is a book that very well may change your perspective about the purpose of life.
Currently, German students take day trips to such camps to learn about the Holocaust. Learning about history is just as important as being aware of what is happening in the moment all around the globe. Remember, not all Germans were Nazis and not all Nazis were German. We should never forget, be informed of today’s news and self-reflect. Thanks for reading about my experience at Dachau!
The semester at my home university ended three weeks ago. Although I did not get the full experience of attending class, I finished two online courses (Business German and German Civilization) and am that much closer to graduating! Every college student should try their best to keep a journal because the time will fly by and it will be hard to recall all the special times you had. I could write a novel just about my college years!
And it seems my time abroad has gone by even faster.. I’ve been here almost four months already. The winter days are much shorter than in my home state and I am responsible for everything here, so it leaves me a lot less productivity time. With that said, let’s get back to this blog entry. It will be about an excursion—to Zürich, Switzerland! I hope everyone has had a nice holiday season so far and will be able to rest for the upcoming year. Keep reading to the end to get an idea about what travelling means to me.
The first part of the excursion was a stop in Schaffhausen to see Rhine falls, which is only about an hour away from Zürich. A little bit of information about the falls:
Rhine falls (Rheinfall in German) are the largest water fall(s) in Europe. During the Ice Ages, tectonic shifts occurred, which forced the River Rhine into a new basin. This was over 15,000 years ago. The older riverbed was filled with gravel. During the Würm glaciation, the river was pushed south over a hard Limestone bed and it was this movement over the hard bed and easily-eroded gravel from previous glaciations that caused the falls to form. The height reaches approximately 75 feet and the width spans to nearly 500 feet. There are two main falls divided by a rock formation.
Even before getting close to the waterfalls, I could feel chilly, open air. My face felt fresh and my lungs felt light and clear. The still water of the lake area was a relatively dark teal and there was quite a lot of fish.
Even though the falls were rushing, there were still many ducks swimming around directly at the falls. The water danced over the rocks in numerous streams and where the water cut down on the rocks, white foam gushed.
The falls are directly at the bus parking lot. We just had to walk down a few flights of steps. There were immediately restrooms, tourist shops, and cafes. The falls weren’t massive in height or width, but still a very a beautiful site. Looking at the water can be just as mesmerizing as staring at a fire. Around the falls were pathways and many open areas to examine the falls and take photos. There was also a castle sitting above a hill right at the falls. We had limited time there (about 75 minutes) and I wanted to eat something and check out the tourist shops so I decided to skip the walk up to the castle. And based on my internet browsing, one may have to take a boat over to the castle anyway.
Next stop: Zürich
The photos above were taken at Lindenhof. It provides a nice view of the city, including the university, the institute of technology, and of course, the old town. The Romans had a fort there in the 4th century and later, Charlemagne’s grandson built a regal palace for a place of residence. It is a peaceful place in the city and chess players often meet for some matches. It is also the oldest place of the old town.
The streets are not built according to a grid pattern and the tour guide even said Google Maps sometimes struggles when locating a certain street. There are also quite a lot of hills. Some years ago, there used to be a wall around the city, but it was preventing the city from growing so it was taken down. It was located near the main train station.
Our next stop was a church with a pretty interesting background. And supposedly the bell inside is larger than Big Ben. The clock on the church tower is so big that you can see it from almost any point in the old town. There used to be a person who stood watch in the tower and alerted the town of a fire by waving a red flag. And compared to many other cities, Zürich never had any bad fires. But, there is no longer a person who keeps watch in the tower.
While walking around, we also saw the “financial street” with many, many banks. That is something Zürich is well-known for (being a financial center). The city was quite crowded especially with families but it was the Saturday before Christmas Eve so it could have been a slight exception to the norm. Zürich isn’t the capital, but it is the biggest city in Switzerland. Since Switzerland is a small country, it is not huge in comparison to other European cities. The main university has 30,000 students.
The next few stops were two more churches before the tour guide departed from us and left us at the outdoor Christmas market near the lake. Our tour guide did a great job of giving directions like how to return to the bus stop, which was near the train station. And we got to walk on both sides of the town since we crossed the bridge after seeing the women’s monastery. The tour guide did seem passionate about the city and the stories she told were very interesting, but the tour seemed very short–like there weren’t many special sites to see, or that the tour guide wanted to do a very basic tour.
However, I found the stories about the last two churches fascinating and even relevant for some of the previous research I’ve done on this blog, so I’ll share what I remember about them now:
Fraumünster (Women’s Minster): The story portrayed on the fresco is about some girls who were lost and the deer guided them to the river, which allowed them to find their way home. However, when the tour guide was telling the story I missed the transition from what was portrayed to how the church came in to the hands of female aristocracy. And although, women had control over this monastery, women have only been allowed to vote for not even 30 years in certain places in Switzerland.
The last site was Grossmünster. The patron saints Felix and Regula (shown on the previous church) were supposedly beheaded and buried there and when Charlemagne travelled through, his horse stopped there and he had a monastery built on the spot. Unfortunately, I didn’t get to go inside this church. I did, however, see the court area of the previous church, which is shown in the pictures above.
Germany vs. Switzerland:
I noticed some differences between the Christmas markets in Zürich and the ones that I have been to in Bavaria, Germany. There were more stands selling goods such as umbrellas, clothes, candles, etc. in Zürich. Traditional food stands and hot drink stands were harder to find. I also noticed more international food in the mix (burgers, Indian food, American whiskey, etc.) Of course, there were Christmas lights, but no music and the overall atmosphere felt a lot different. It did not have that cozy “Glühwein feeling” like I experienced beforehand in Bavaria. Everything was 2-3x more expensive than typical prices in Germany (a small, regular coffee at Starbucks was 6 euros). Most places accepted euros at the rate 1 euro= 1 franc, but I am not sure how the conversion rate is if you were to buy Swiss francs with euros—most likely, the euro is about a quarter less in worth compared to the franc.
Concluding thoughts about the trip:
I got lucky and had a seat by myself on the bus, which meant I could catch some ZZZ’s since I brought my pillow with me. I met up with some cool people from the tour group and got to hang out with them after our city tour. If you are currently living in Europe, speak English and/or German, but do not have many friends to travel with and still want to see a few new countries easily—Euro Trip Adventures is a great option. I did not have many expectations of the places we went to beforehand, but I was not head over heels in love. The architecture was not very charming, exotic or historic (to me). Although the guide said it is authentic since it was not destroyed in any wars. The historic part of Zürich felt very small. The tour was relatively short for 15 euros.
Looking back through my photos now, I’ve been thinking that I did get to see some beautiful places in Switzerland and that maybe being there only for half of a day didn’t allow the beauty to quite sink in. I still think day trips are quite fun to get a taste of new places and learn a little history if you do the tours, but after my New Years trip to Berlin with a friend I have reconsidered aspects of travelling that I maybe overlooked since I’ve been living in Germany. Although, I did do another day excursion with Euro Trip Adventures and was much more impressed with that trip to Slovenia even according to the following points I’m going to discuss.
I think that there are 3 “levels” when travelling. The first is the most superficial–the outer layer. This is the level of tourism. I mean: seeing the major sites, eating at the well-know restaurants, trying out the things that have been recommended for tourists. I truly enjoy hearing legends and stories about new cities and adding to my overall knowledge of history. I also enjoy seeing churches, palaces and castles. Not to mention, museums, theater and other entertainment-attractions also make for a fun trip.
The second level is deeper and more authentic than the first. It means taking things a little slower and going with the flow. Getting to know the character of the city by spending time at the coffee shops and restaurants. Seeing the different people who are passing by and those who live and work there. Taking time to travel with the transportation and walking along the streets-seeing what you can find this way.
The third level could be more or less “extreme” depending on a person’s interests. Some people may want to go hiking, climbing, or even camping in the nature. I am not one of those people. However, I do like to see nature when travelling. I find water, foliage and flowers especially beautiful and calming. Even if I am travelling in European cities, I still want to try to appreciate nature. To close my eyes, take deep breaths, and relax my mind.
To conclude, I think all three of these “levels” are important to have a fulfilling trip. And day trips are quite nice, but I shouldn’t be so quick to judge. Learning the historical basics of a city is one thing, but spending several days there and developing a feel and understanding for the city (even if you may get to visit fewer cities) is also very memorable and enjoyable.
After my two-and-a-half week-long intensive German language course, I had three weeks off before my university courses began. Amazing right? By the second week, I was recovering from a surprise surgery, so I was only able to do a few of my travel plans during this vacation time. I have German health insurance and was able to heal for two weeks before my courses began so it wasn’t so bad overall.
My first week off was rainy in Bavaria/Franconia, but during the beginning of the week we only experienced light drizzles with some sunshine. By the end of the week, it was raining much steadier. So fortunately for me, I was able to enjoy my excursions to Bamberg and especially Würzburg. And in this post, I will be sharing my experiences in Würzburg and adding a little history in the mix too. Würzburg is the first destination on the “Romantic Road” in southern Germany and a must-see city in Bavaria/Franconia. I’ll tell you why I think that…
Getting there & travel costs: I woke up at 6am to get ready and walk to the bus station at the other end of Erlangen. I used Flixbus and only paid 8 Euro each way. The bus ride lasted 75 minutes each way. Having the Flixbus app is super convenient because you can pay through the app (with bank connection or PayPal) and you have a digital ticket so there is no stress about forgetting a ticket and you are saving paper. Plus, you can get updates through the app incase the bus is running late. On the buses are outlets, Wi-Fi and a restroom. Travelling on the bus takes much longer than on the train but you also can save a lot of money. So enough about getting there and Flixbus, let’s jump into my first impressions of Würzburg.
First impressions: The train station was super crowded and the city was going at a very fast pace. There are trains, buses and boats that travel through the city so it’s understandable that it would have such a fast travel pace. The largest part of the population are students and they stay busy too. Despite that, I saw many nice shops. I wanted to buy some things but didn’t have the time to shop before sightseeing. The architecture is very beautiful throughout the city and I got a positive feeling being there. Once you have made it from the train station to the historic center where the three main churches are, I think it is pretty easy to find your way.
I did my first city tour alone in German (language) and really enjoyed it…
I paid 5 euro (as a student) to participate in the tour. The tour lasted about 90 minutes. When travelling to a place for the first time, I truly recommend doing a tour because tour guides are experts on the city and can point out minor details that average eyes would overlook. I’ll give an example:
This is a depiction of Mary receiving the news that she will have baby Jesus. If you look closely at the tube coming out of the man’s beard, you will see a little baby sliding down “being whispered into Mary’s ears.” This is on the Marienkapelle church (see below), which I’ll discuss in more detail after I discuss the tour.
When everyone introduced themselves, the tour guide asked me if it would be okay for me that the tour was in German since I was American. Really Germans are surprised when non-natives speak their language at a high level–I don’t think she was being condescending. She spoke standard German and not too fast either. She didn’t use many words that I hadn’t heard before; although, I can’t speak as nice as her in German yet. In comparison to the boat tour I did in Hamburg the following weekend, where the tour guide spoken much faster with more slang and specialized Hafen vocabulary, the German vocabulary about art, architecture and history was much easier to follow. I loved doing the tour in German because it felt more authentic and less touristy and !!exciting!! as some of the tours for English-speakers. There is the stereotype that Germans keep distance and don’t like bodily contact, but our group tour felt very intimate and friendly. I was also the only student among middle-aged German couples and a group of blind people who were brave enough to do the tour with us seeing-people. Maybe doing the tour in Würzburg is what gave me more appreciation for the city compared to not doing a tour in Bamberg.
Now I will take you along the tour..
The tour began at the Falkenhaus, which was built in 1751 and features ornate stucco façade. It is the yellow being in the third picture below and happens to be where the tourist center is located. We spent a lot of time talking about the late gothic Marienkapelle church (that includes the depiction of Mary I described earlier). This church was originally built from 1377 to 1480. The figures in the fourth picture below are of Adam and Eve. They are works from Tilman Riemenschneider (although, the originals are actually in the Mainfraenkisches Museum in the city). The interior of the church had to be replaced after 1945, but some paintings and sculptures are original. Riemenschneider is known for his melancholic figures. The tour guide asked us what we thought about one of his sculptures of a man inside the church and there were many creative answers. I was thinking “nachdenklich” (pensive) but “melancholisch” is the adjective she was looking for.
After the church, we visited a memorial of the destruction caused in WWII which is located near the new city hall. I’ll discuss this more under “what I learned.” Our next stop was the “old main bridge”:
Alte Mainbrücke ~constructed 1473-1543 in place of an old Romanesque bridge. The Saint statues were added around 1730. Due to this bridge, Würzburg is often compared to Prague. Some people on the tour also thought of Heidelberg. What do you think?
We briefly got to discuss the Neumünster (church) and Cathedral of St. Kilian, which are located beside each other. Both of which I’ll discuss in more detail shortly.
Next to the churches is a little garden~ Lusamgärtchen is the monument for Walter von der Vogelweide, a Minnesänger (mindstrel/medieval singer) who composed and performed love-songs and political songs (“Sprüche”) in Middle High German. There was even a bard there to serenade us. If you have Liebeskummer (lovesickness), you can leave a note here.
What I learned:
I asked if Martin Luther had been there. Yes, he had. I also read online somewhere that he hid in a castle but I guess it wasn’t in Würzburg because she said “Er hatte keine Chance” (“Martin Luther had no Chance.”) The catholic power was too strong to be changed by Luther.
But the Peasants’ war did reach Würzburg and they hurt the famous Tillman Riemenschneider’s hands so he couldn’t do his work anymore. Here’s a synopsis of the Luther-Riemenschneider-peasant-revolt situation:
Würzburg is a city of Dienstleistung (service) and Studenten–not a industrial city. Wine is produced but it is not enough to support the whole city.
Churchill und die Alliierten (Churchill and the allies): historians aren’t sure why the British (under Churchill instructions) decided to bomb and destroy the city. It was a city with a middle-large population but not much industry. So was it really a strategic move? Or were they rücksichtlos (ruthless)?
Die Käppele (pilgrimage church) which was built 1748-1752 was not destroyed in the war. Würzburgers are very proud of it. I didn’t get to visit this church and could only admire it from afar at the bridge. Here is a photo of it:
The Catholic Church had all the power. Once the church and state separated in 1802/3, Bayern took Würzburg for their kingdom.
Some relevant points of history I adopted from the visitor’s guide:
As long ago as roughly 1000 BC the first Celtic refuge was on the Marienberg.
Around 600 AD the Seat of the Franconian duke was inWürzburg
In 742 the Diocese of Würzburg was founded
In 1168 Frederic Barbarossa confirms the dukedom Franconia
During the Peasants’ War, Würzburg sides with the farmers
In 1802 secularization causes the dissolving of the prince-bishopric
In 1814 Würzburg was annexed by Bavaria
In 1895 Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen discovers the x-rays (Try to pronounce this verb in German! =) dict.cc see below)
In 1945 ninety percent of the city is destroyed by aerial bombings
In 1970 reconstruction of the Old City is almost complete
What I did for the rest of the day & my impressions:
The tour ended at the perfect time to be able to attend the meditation session/organ ceremony at the Cathedral of Saint Kilian. This church is the fourth largest Romanesque cathedral in Germany. The construction started 1040 and the east towers were finished in 1237. You may notice the mix of architecture styles. It was also burned out in 1945 but some original Baroque stucco remains inside. I decided to record it (although I missed some of the beginning) since my fellow students had a chance to participate in an Atlanta-based project where religious ceremonies are recorded and basic information is shared about the service. I only recorded the sound but I edited the photos of the church where the ceremony took place. Doesn’t the organ sound amazing?
~Fortress Marienburg: First served as a refuge during the Hallstatt era (1000BC) Construction started around 1200 AD. It later served as the seat of Prince bishops from 1253-1700. It was remodeled into a Renaissance castle in 1600 and after Swedish conquest, it was expanded into a Baroque fortress with royal gardens in 1631. It was really huge! And quite a climb up there. I wish I would have had time for a tour of the castle, but I was able to visit the Fürstenbaummuseum there. I’ll share a bit about it.
Some museums are so large that you practically get lost. This museum was relatively small. It was about the living quarters of the Prince Bishops and some treasury. Many of the older items weren’t so interesting in my opinion and the museum didn’t really tell a cohesive story until the modern section, which featured city history. One painting there really impressed me. It is a depiction of the Mainbrücke after the bombings of WWII.
After seeing the fortress I wanted to see the interior of the last of the three main churches: Neumünster~ Romanesque basilica from the 11th century. Additional construction was done as late as 1716 when the Baroque façade was added. It was erected at the grave of Saint Kilian.
I have seen many ceiling paintings in German churches but never any paintings like the ones hanging on the walls of this church.
My final stop: UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site~ Residence Palace: Constructed 1720-1744. It is a principal work of South German Baroque era architecture and one of the most important castles in Europe.
Every proper castle or palace has a garden. I learned that on the city tour in Erlangen during my orientation week (I may write a post later about the university castle & garden in Erlangen.) How many though have such a beautiful garden as Würzburg does?
I did not have enough time to see everything (such as going inside the Residence Palace) and had to hurry to cover the main areas. There are still a few things I’d love to see there, and I hope I will be able to go back when the weather is nice.
To conclude, I want to return to the quote from Hermann Hesse… For those who understand German, take a quick look at this Wikipedia article.
Hermann Hesse happens to be one of my favorite German authors. His book, Siddartha, was such a powerful story. Do you have a favorite novel by Hesse? I’ll paraphrase what the Wikipedia article had to stay about Hesse in English. He did some travelling and wrote in different cities, different countries. He spent some time in Würzburg, where he even wrote a text “Einst in Würzburg”. He gave the city the best compliment: “If I was a future poet and was busy choosing my place of birth, then I would very much consider the city of Würzburg. ” -Hermann Hesse
I hope you enjoyed reading this post almost as much as I loved being in Würzburg.
Bamberg is described as one of several of the most beautiful cities to see in Germany. Its close location to Nuremberg makes it a great day trip for those who like visiting historical cities. A large part of the city is a UNESCO heritage site.
My first impression of Bamberg when walking from the train station into the old city center was thinking how beautiful the bridges and view of the water were. (Bamberg is situated on the Regnitz river.) It felt like a German city but somehow different than Erlangen. I saw families, students, tourists and everyday people.
Even before I reached the part of the city with the historic sites that tourists usually come to see (more about that soon), I saw many interesting buildings and sculptures. Since my student travel pass allows me to travel for free with buses and trains and Bamberg is included in the travel network, I plan to go back and explore the market area, many shops and unique architecture that there is to see when friends or family come to visit me in Erlangen.
What is Bamberg’s place in German history? The town dates back to 902. The Roman King Henry II made the town into a separate diocese in 1007. The University of Bamberg was established 1647. Bamberg became linked to the rail system in 1844. It is one of few German cities that was not bombed in World War II.
How I planned my sight-seeing activities and the main things people visit in Bamberg: Before I travelled to Bamberg I searched a few websites to find the most praised tourist sights to see and I marked them on Google maps. For one, it allowed me to estimate how much time I would need to see everything since I could see how close everything was located. Two, I had a visual idea of how the city was organized before travelling there. Three, once I was there the places were already marked on my map and I could easily start a route planer to get me there.
Some of the main sights are:
–Bamberg Cathedral (1237), with the tombs of Emperor Henry II and Pope Clement II
–Alte Hofhaltung, residence of the bishops in the 16th and 17th centuries (a choir group was singing while I was there)
–Neue Residenz, residence of the bishops after the 17th century. Here you want to see the garden!
-Bamberg State Library in the New Residence
–Old town hall (1386), built in the middle of the Regnitz river, accessible by two bridges *pictures see below under UNESCO site*
-Klein-Venedig (“Little Venice”), a colony of fishermen’s houses from the 19th century along one bank of the river Regnitz
-Michaelsberg Abbey, built in the 12th century on one of Bamberg’s “Seven Hills”
-Altenburg, castle, former residence of the bishops
My favorite thing that I saw in Bamberg was the foot path up to the castle. Unfortunately, the castle was closed on that day (Monday) so I did not get to see it up close and personal. But the view of the city from the foot path and the peaceful, quiet nature around me was so wunderschön. I wasn’t aware of the foot path before I arrived in Bamberg–I just followed street signs from the main area where the Cathedral and other main attractions were and made my way up the hill. It was a pretty active climb up there too.
I recommend taking the walk by foot to look at the view down on the city, but if you want to tour the castle, I recommend checking on the hours and taking a bus tour up there. My GPS led me to some trails in the wood instead of to footpath I needed to get to the castle entrance (maybe the footpaths were correct but they were blocked since the castle was closed that day, or maybe I just didn’t find the right direction). I did see a road which would have taken me up to the castle, but it was for cars only.
Therefore, the walking trail is extraordinarily beautiful–grassy hills and such an amazing view. But finding the way to the castle from there proved a little tricky by foot.
What are some things that makes Bamberg special?
There are seven hills in Bamberg, each with its own church. That is why some call Bamberg “Franconian Rome.” Although my Google research recommended me to take my time walking through Bamberg’s many romantic hills, I did not realize that each of the seven hills had a church until afterwards
2. UNESCO Site which wasn’t destroyed in the war- including the town hall that sits above the river
3. Rauchbier- I did try this beer, but I didn’t like it. I like grilled food but not really that savory, smoky taste so it’s not really a surprise that I wouldn’t care for that flavor in my beer.
My concluding impressions of the city: If you have already travelled to several cities in Bavaria or just have a lot of free time, Bamberg is worth the visit. However, it is not the most memorable city Germany has to offer (meiner Meinung nach). And unfortunately, many of the historical buildings were under construction while I was there. The city definitely has its charm and feels pretty small and cozy settled into its hills. It is a pretty popular tourist destination and, on a Monday, it was crowded. For some reason, many businesses are closed on Monday such as the Altenburg (castle) and some restaurants. I enjoyed my time in Bamberg and waking up, taking the train and just discovering a new place on my own. Luckily, I did not get rained out but the weather was still a little gray and I was not absolutely in love with the city itself.
That’s it for today! If you want to read more about travelling in Germany, I recommend the following blog. The author also wrote a very informative post about Bamberg: Travelling in Germany- Bamberg
Today is Thursday, October 12th and after four days in a German hospital in Hamburg, where I know only one person, I am glad to be back on my feet and slowly recovering. Due to my operation and hospital stay, my blog posts have been delayed. Fortunately, I got to do some sightseeing in Hamburg before all that happened.
Hamburg’s Miniatur Wunderland was personally recommended to me and is also considered to be one of Hamburg’s top three attractions on the internet. This post will focus on one specific exhibition at the museum.
I will begin with a little background information about Miniatur Wunderland just to make it clearer what I am actually describing then I will jump into describing the exhibition and its relevance for German Civilization:
Miniatur Wunderland (English: miniature wonderland) is a model railway attraction in the historic Speicherstadt of Hamburg.
Some of the exhibits in the museum include: America, Scandinavia, Hamburg, Switzerland and Austria.
The creators wanted to build the largest model railway attraction in the world. But to reduce it to the words “model railway” would not do it justice. It is truly a unique experience and one needs some time to really take a look at everything.
Apart from the liveliness of the exhibitions (moving components, lights, and sounds), it is also impressive from different sizes of perspectives. Artistry, creativity and thoughtfulness are seen in the smallest details.
The “people” in the exhibit are smaller than toy soldiers, but they all have outfits and personality. From a medium perspective, a particular scene appears to be alive as if you are seeing it life-size. And from the largest perspective–seeing the entire depiction of Hamburg or Scandinavia for example–is like looking at a beautiful 4-D painting.
It is hard to describe Miniatur Wunderland with concrete words, but I hope that you have an idea of what it is now. If you would like a little more information, the following link is a video that describes Miniatur Wunderland in 4 minutes (there is also an English version on the website): Miniatur Wunderland. So now that we have covered the basics let’s move on to the exhibit about German civilization.
The exhibit “Über 6.000 Jahre deutsche Geschichte – dargestellt in acht Dioramen” (More than 6,000 years German history depicted in eight dioramas) is actually not one of the main exhibitions. Each diorama is encased in its own small glass box and it is located at the exit near the featured exhibit “Die geteilte Stadt” (A City Divided). Without images or good imagination, it can be difficult to picture how people lived thousands of years ago or even how the earth looked before industrialization. That is what makes this creation quite practical. It is a new way to have a look into the past without searching Google images or watching a film.
At the exhibition you are able to put on headphones and listen to descriptions of each scene. If you don’t understand German, English text is shown on monitors above the glass cases. I recommend checking out the German version on the website and watching the video series: The history of our civilization.
What does the exhibit have to say about German history? (The photos of the display are my personal photos but the information about each time period is directly from Wunderland’s website.)
5500-2200 AC – Die Jungsteinzeit (Neolithicum)
770-1300 – Das Mittelalter (Early Middle Ages)
1300-1600 – Das späte Mittelalter (Late Middle Ages)
1600-1789 – Das Barockzeitalter bis zur Französischen Revolution (Baroque Age until French Revolution)
1789- 1848- Zeit der Revolutionen (The Age of Revolutions)
1848-1910 – Der Beginn des deutschen Kaiserreiches (Begin of the German Empire)/ Das “Lange” 19. Jahrhundert
1910-1933 – Von Kaiser Wilhelm bis zur Weimarer Republik (Kaiser Wilhelm until Weimar Republic)
1933-1942 – Die Machtergreifung der Nationalsozialisten (The Nazi regime’s seizure of political power)
The exhibition provides an overview of German history in a short amount of time. One thing that I noticed is the more recent the time period, the shorter it is. Technology and other advances had big influences on civilization. So many big changes happened in the past two hundert years. In much older times advancement happened much slower. My questions for you guys are: Did you learn anything new? What do you think about Miniatur Wunderland? What parallels do you see between the depictions and course materials?
Thanks for reading. I am looking forward to your responses.