My First Trip Abroad in Photos

My project “Austauscherfahrungen” has been active for more than a year now. To celebrate this occasion and reflect on the roots of this blog, I have put together this post—My First Trip Abroad in Photos.

There are two ways to “read” this entry: you can either start from this page and click on the photos that interest you, or you can start by clicking on the first photo and then go from photo story to photo story.

 

The first time I went abroad I was 18 years old. I went abroad the summer after my freshman year of university. It was not an organized trip with my university, nor was it a group trip through an organization offering study abroad opportunities to American students. I signed up for a summer language course with an international language school, Goethe-Institute.

I was from a small (southern) American town and somewhat bad at directions. Naturally, I had some expectations of Europe, but I was open-minded and unafraid to travel to Germany by myself. I wasn’t too nervous before I took off—I only worried about organizational matters. At first, it was a challenge to navigate train stations and flow with the pace of Germany, but I soon met friends at the language school and spent a fantastic summer abroad.

Some quick tips I have are: to enjoy the small things and give yourself time for reflection. Also, you have to be bad at something before you can be good at it, so don’t be afraid to try something new. Ultimately, I gained a strong motivation to study German further and changed my major to German once I returned home. For more on my study abroad in Germany summer 2015, check out this article~Getting Started with Studying Abroad

 

Introduction aside, here is My First Trip Abroad in Photos:

 

 

 

Countries Travelled (Year-Exchange in Germany)

#places visited while living in Germany

Hello everyone!

I’ve left Germany already and my first three weeks in Kiev have flown by! I’m enjoying my Russian lessons here and am staying busy. I’ll be sharing some new stuff soon 😉

In the meantime, I wanted to do a short, fun blog entry.. about the places I went while living in Germany! To make it more interesting, I’ve also listed each country’s name in the languages that I speak/study in order of decreasing fluency (English, German, Russian, French.) The only country that I had been to before was Germany**.

 

zoom out countries visited

 

countries visited

  1. Germany – Deutschland – Германия -Allemagne
  2. Slovenia – Slovenien – Словения – Slovénie
  3. Switzerland – die Schweiz – Швейцария -Suisse
  4. Liechtenstein – Liechtenstein -Лихтенштейн – Liechtenstein
  5. Austria – Österreich – Австрия – Autriche
  6. Lithuania – Litauen – Литва – Lituanie
  7. Greece – Griechenland -Греция – Grèce
  8. France – Frankreich – Франция – France
  9. Poland – Polen – Польша – Pologne
  10. Hungary – Ungarn – Венгрия – Hongrie
  11. Czech Republic- Tschechien – Чехия – Czechia
  12. Ukraine – Ukraine – Украина – Ukraine

 

I hope to tell you about the amazing city of Kiev soon.

Best of luck! ~Stephanie F.

 

**Note: this is not a full list of all countries I’ve ever visited. It only covers places travelled during my year-long exchange in Germany 🙂

Let’s Talk Money ~Studying Abroad in Germany~

This post is going to be short and sweet. Let’s talk finances. How are the prices in Germany? What are my expenses? Getting a residence permit/student visa.. how much per month do you need?

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Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

 

Hello everyone!

This post is going to be short and sweet. Let’s talk finances. How are the prices in Germany? What are my expenses? Getting a residence permit/student visa.. how much per month do you need?

  •  A regular cup of coffee costs 2- 2.50 Euros
  • A loaf of bread (375 grams) costs 1.09 Euros
  • 0,5 liter of beer costs about 4.00 Euros
  • A sandwich at a café costs 1.80-3.00 Euros
  • A Döner costs between 3.50- 4.50 Euros
  • A train ticket (Erlangen to Nuremberg- a distance of about 15 miles with car ) costs 4.80 Euros
  • A bus ticket (in Erlangen) costs 2.20 Euros
  • My monthly prepaid phone plan costs 9.99 Euros for 200 minutes/messages and 1.5 GB of data. I get additional data (300 MB) for 2.99 Euros more. Vodafone is actually not the cheapest provider, but I just wanted to quickly find a company when I arrived and create a German number so that I would not have to continue paying international fees with my American provider. I think I paid an extra 10 Euro in the beginning for the sim card, but some of what I paid got transferred to my balance. Vodafone also has an application for smart phones, which makes it easy to manage your plan and add money when needed.
  • My internet costs 16 Euro a month (offered by my dorm- no limit on the number of devices or data)
  • Germany requires that all residents pay a fee to ZDF/ARD (the Rundfunkbeitrag). Luckily, students can share the costs with their floormates since they aren’t living in proper apartments: Rundfunkbeitrag & Student fee. I think it turned out that we only paid about 15 Euro per semester.
  • I personally don’t have a television. I also don’t pay gym fees or attend any private classes at evening schools. Nor do I have a car since I either walk or use public transportation.
  • Some other monthly costs you’ll see later =)
  • Check out this video to see: What can you buy in Germany with 5€?

 

{Shopping} Without closely examining all prices in Germany and comparing them to the prices in USA, I can still say that food (especially at the grocery store) is relatively cheap. But, clothes tend to be a bit more expensive here. Also, I think there is generally a wider selection at American malls than at German malls.

Food is imported from countries in the European Union and the quality is quite good. So you can eat healthier here and not spend too much if you cook at home, but you may notice that shopping for clothes is a bit better in USA.

Even though clothes aren’t that cheap, I think that basic cosmetics are also pretty cheap here in Germany.

{Taxes & Insurance} Before we move on to what I spend on a regular basis and how much is required for a student visa, it’s worth mentioning that taxes here are much higher. They also have a sales tax (MwST). Workers also pay more taxes. And Germans love insurances. So, a good sum of money is also required for insurance. I have been happy with my health insurance here.

Paying out of pocket when having insurance is an American concept–not a German one. If there would be another difference.. it would be that “free” may exist in USA, but in Germany you get what you pay for. Don’t expect free water or to use the restroom in public places without paying.

 

Okay.. now my expenses!

{Weekly Spending} On average, I spend about 75 Euros per week. This can be more or less depending on how many times I went out to eat, what I got at the grocery store and if I bought gifts for myself.

{Monthly} So, in a month, I spend about 300-400 Euros on food and other shopping.

{Rent, Insurance, School Fees} Let’s add in other costs like my rent, health insurance and school fees: the school fees are only twice a year (once every semester) and the fees also cover our student ticket so that we can travel for free in the evening and on weekends. It is 114 Euros each time.

My health insurance is 90 Euros a month and my rent is 250 Euros (including utilities.) Yes, health insurance is required for international students who aren’t from the European Union.

{Food Costs} I don’t live all that frugally but I also don’t eat out at a nice restaurant every week or buy a lot of material goods.

{Travel} Not included are my travel costs (to, let’s say, Greece for a weekend) because they are one-time costs rather than a sum of usual monthly spending. My total monthly expenses are about the same as what is required for a  residence permit.

{Money Needed- Student Visa} The required sum is 8,700 Euros for one year–725 Euros a month. And here’s a website with more information on the subject:  Student Visa and Residence Permit. 

Spending and budgeting are subjective, but I hope this gave you some idea of what to expect!

Keep in mind that, depending on your program, you may or may not have similar requirements/costs. There are shorter study abroad programs that organize everything for you as well as summer language schools that can offer accommodation. They are not the same as applying to be a full-time student (even if temporarily- for a semester or a year.)

 

Good luck with your studies,

~Stephanie F.

My Goals for a Year-long Exchange in Germany (A Bilingual Text )

This essay was the final step in the application process at my university before I was officially nominated to study at FAU in Erlangen, Germany. I share how I studied German back home, what my goals were for studying here, what I may want to do in my future and how I will make the most of my time here.

Mein Name ist Stephanie Ford und ich studiere Deutsch an der Georgia State Universität in Atlanta. Seit Januar 2015 bin ich eine sehr engagierte und motivierte Deutschstudentin. Außer meiner Studiumarbeit sehe ich täglich YouTube-Videos an, lese die Nachrichten auf meinem Handy, höre Musik, spreche mit mir selber, oder mit jemandem, der bereit ist, mein Deutsch zu hören. Wenn ich genug Zeit habe, lese ich auch Romane, schaue mir Filme an, lerne Grammatik und neulich viel Wortschatz. Weil ich schon ein fortgeschrittenes Niveau erreicht habe, ist ein Jahr langer Aufenthalt in Deutschland einer der besten Wege, um meine Deutschkenntnisse noch zu verbessern. Auf Deutsch könnte ich denken und sogar träumen. Ich möchte C2 erreichen, und die deutsche Kultur tiefer kennenlernen. Wenn ich an der Friedrich-Alexander Universität studieren würde, hätte ich nicht nur die Chance meine Deutschkenntnisse zu erweitern, sondern auch die Chance in und um Bayern zu reisen. Und ich könnte mich wirklich entscheiden, ob ich in Deutschland arbeiten möchte.

(My name is Stephanie Ford and I study German at Georgia State University in Atlanta. Since January 2015, I have been a very engaged and motivated student of German language. Apart from my university studies, I watch videos daily, read the news on my phone, listen to music, speak with myself, or with someone who is willing to listen to my German. When I have enough time, I also read novels, watch movies, learn grammar and, recently, a lot of vocabulary. Because I have already reached an advanced level, a year-long stay in Germany is one of the best ways to improve my German skills even more. I could even think and dream in German. I want to achieve C2 and get to know the German culture deeper. If I had the chance to study at FAU, I would not only have the chance to expand my German skills but also the chance to travel in and around Bavaria. And I could really decide whether I want to work in Germany or not.)

Sehr intenstiv möchte ich mein Deutsch üben. Ich würde auf jeden Fall die Möglichkeit benutzen, Radio auf Deutsch zu hören, deutsches Fernsehen zu gucken, sowie den Zugang zu deutschen Bibliotheken, Buchhandlungen und natürlich der deutschen Universität zu verwenden. Ich würde gerne Germanistik, andere Fremdsprachen, und verschiedene Kurse in Verbindung mit Linguistik, Kultur und Geschichte nehmen. Vor allem könnte ich mich mit Deutschmuttersprachlern unterhalten. Bayern ist eines der schönsten Bundesländer. Ich möchte viele Städte und Ländern in der Nahe von Erlangen besichtigen. Ich habe es vor, Englisch in Deutschland zu unterrichten, und diese Erfahrung wäre sehr praktisch, weil ich mich für ein Studentenvisum bewerben und mich auf die deutsche Kultur einstellen muss. Ich möchte meinen Sprachtraum erfüllen, viel reisen, und sehen, was ich in der Zukunft machen möchte.

(I want to practice my German intensively. I would definitely use the opportunity to listen to German radio, watch German television and utilize the access to German libraries, book stores and of course the German university. I would like to take Germanistik, other foreign languages, and other courses in connection with linguistics, culture and history. Above all, I could converse with native speakers. Bavaria is one of the most beautiful German states. I could visit many cities and countries close to the city of Erlangen. I have the intention of teaching English in Germany and this experience would be very practical because I have to apply for a student visa and I have to adjust to the German culture. I want to fulfill my language-dream, travel a lot, and see what I would like to do in the future.)

How to Prepare for an Exchange in Germany

How can I meet people abroad?
What do Germans think about Americans?
What is it like living in Germany?
Three of many questions addressed in this post about studying abroad in Germany for American students!

Dear readers,

Germany is a popular place for international students (from all over) to study because of the almost free university education. Many Masters programs are offered in English. Furthermore, Germany is known for its reliability, high-quality products and technological innovation. Therefore, many international students want to take up their studies here and make use of the prestigious and diverse programs offered at German universities. There may also be Erasmus students from other European countries or American students, who aren’t interested in completing their degree here but want to do an exchange. Germany is a popular tourist destination for Americans and is celebrated for its different but not too foreign culture.  I have collected some YouTube channels that have many videos about German people, culture, lifestyle, language and how things are in Germany. They should help you get to know Germany and the Germans better.

administration architecture berlin building
Photo by Ingo Joseph on Pexels.com

Getting to know Germany better before you decide to study here or before you take off on your journey will not only help to develop your intrapersonal perception of coming to Germany but it will also make you closer to being well-versed when it comes to dealing with differences between America and Germany. But before we begin by discussing some resources to aid your preparation, I want to emphasize the following:  “Preparing” allows you to burn off some stress before your trip  and maybe feel a little more confident and ready, but there are of course going to be some challenges that you simply can’t prepare for and some things may sound way more scary reading about them than how they will actually be when you are abroad and doing them yourself. So take a few ideas from here and there, try to prepare based on ideas from multiple people but ultimately, you just need to trust yourself and remain calm. I’ve already written three other posts on the topic. Check them out:

Getting started with studying abroad

Let’s Talk Money ~Studying Abroad in Germany~

What to Pack for a Study Abroad in Germany

For this post, let’s start with some resources to help with your mental/emotional preparation! Here are some insightful articles I read before coming to Germany:

  1. Culture Shock
  2. Study Abroad
  3. Tips for Living Abroad (with a focus on meeting people)
  • While on the topic of meeting people abroad, I want to mention a few websites you could use to meet new people: Tandem language exchange app (as well as HelloTalk language exchange app), Meetup.com, Facebook groups as well as local events and events posted by businesses shared on Facebook. Instagram is also a good way to follow local businesses/events. Also take advantage of university events (read your emails and check out flyers), activities, meet-ups and clubs as well as the events and clubs happening in your dorm. Work, doing an internship, volunteering and taking classes outside the university are also easy ways to meet new people.

And as mentioned, a list of YouTubers who will teach you about Germany and the Germans (not in any specific order):

  1. Kate Müser
  2. DontTrustTheRabbit
  3. Hayley Alexis
  4. Germany vs USA
  5. Wanted Adventure
  6. Antoinette Emily

While in Germany, look to prove stereotypes wrong rather than looking for confirmation. Allow your views to develop and get to know yourself better.  Be prepared to face many negative stereotypes about Americans, but don’t take it too personally. I’m not saying most Germans dislike Americans, but American culture has been spread across the globe and some not-so-favorable stereotypes accompany it. Some American tourists do set bad examples for us all.  The bad comes with the good. Just be yourself with a bit of awareness. If the person believes in the stereotype so strongly, then you can’t convince them otherwise. You can be proud to be American, miss your native culture, want to explore the world and expand your cultural knowledge all at the same time.

That’s it for this post!

Hope you found it useful,

Stephanie

Getting Started with Studying Abroad

Dear readers,

I would like to discuss “studying abroad” for American college students.

Studying abroad is a rich experience to undergo during your college years. The first time abroad is life- changing. You see yourself and your native culture with different eyes. You get to experience everyday life of those who live thousands of miles away from your native country and listen to new languages. You also get to see, firsthand, the wonders of the world–whether it be something historical in a city or a gorgeous landscape.

But studying abroad isn’t cheap. It also isn’t easy. It requires thought, decision-making, and planning. Your approach and attitude truly change how you perceive your time abroad. You should pick the right country for the right reasons. Everyone is different, so you have to decide what the “right reasons” for you are.

Your internal reasons for studying in that place should outweigh the external reasons.

What do I mean exactly? Your reasons for traveling to Germany are: because you have a German girlfriend/boyfriend, you like the German language and you want to ski in the Alps. International relationships can be very interesting and fulfilling, but if that’s your only reason for traveling abroad, your time there may be very challenging and frustrating since you do not have a personal connection with the country itself.

But when you are also interested in the country because of its language & culture and you have travel goals, the trip will feel much closer to your heart. How much you enjoy it will depend on your attitude (and maybe the weather and people around you) but you’ll feel more of connection with the place when there’s something inside of you that brings you there.

 

However, I must admit: sometimes you just have to start somewhere. Everyone must be bad at something before they can be good at it. A new experience may give you the motivation to start an entirely new chapter in your life… And I want to share my story with you.

The first time I traveled to Germany seems like so long ago. And I’ve changed in so many ways since then. Although every day wasn’t perfect… I wasn’t so outgoing and definitely didn’t have an idea what learning and speaking a second language meant, I experienced being abroad for the first time and had some encouraging, fun experiences.

The first program I did was not connected to my university in any way and it was open for all people—not just college students. I pretty much found it by chance. It’s an easy story to tell so I will start from the beginning:

I knew that I wanted to learn how to speak German so I decided to start courses at Goethe Institute Atlanta. While browsing their website, I also read that they offered classes in many German cities for international learners of German language. I can’t remember exactly what was on my mind then but I decided that I wanted to take a course in Germany to speed up my German learning and see the country for the first time. I did have some unrealistic expectations though.. thinking that four weeks would be enough to have me speaking the language. There were certain days where I held some conversations but I still spoke a lot of English. I also didn’t study intensively or use everyday interactions to practice the language.

What I gained from that experience was that I left my native country for the first time. I had my first experiences navigating to new places, using public transportation, and buying food from different places. I also met many international people. I changed time zones. I didn’t have any air conditioning. I used a new currency. That was June- July 2015.

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There are a few other things I want to share about that time that maybe be insightful for you: First will be about the language school I attended. Second will be a specific experience I wrote about during the time. And before sharing my second time abroad, I will include a few more things that stand out to me about my first time in Germany.

The Language School

 

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The reasons I chose the location I did were as following: I wanted to be in a city near the place my grandmother was from. I wanted an apartment with WiFi. I wanted the apartment location to be close to the school so that I could go by foot. And this school even had a cafeteria, where I had breakfast and lunch. Apart from that, the prices were good. The city seemed cozy and inviting. And although it was small, it seemed like there would be enough activities to stay busy and have fun.

I remember everything seeming like it was going really fast—at the airport and at the train station. And I thought Germany was absolutely beautiful. I loved looking at the countryside while riding on the train. I didn’t feel far away from home but I definitely felt American. Europe had a different flair than USA. It felt more serious, more competitive, and more elegant. It wasn’t the first time I had feelings of being critical about my native country and native culture, but it became much more obvious for me. It seemed most Europeans were cosmopolitan and multilingual. Nobody made me feel bad for being American. In fact, even though I was shy, I had an open heart and was curious, so many people reached out to me and I had a great time.

I shared a bedroom so it would be cheaper. We had a private shower and toilet. In the basement of our place was a shared kitchen for the building. My roommate ended up being another American girl who had some experience traveling in Germany already and was going to stay in Austria for a year. We weren’t the best of friends but we got along well enough. She showed me where the supermarket and other things in town were. And she was part of a bigger group with whom I spent a lot of time.

Getting to Germany was a big step. But the language school was helpful with getting us students there and situated. There was a bus waiting for us at the train station to drop us off at the school. Once at the school, we received information about our accommodations and were able to drop our bags off. We also did an interview as part of the placement test. Since it was already late, the actual written test was the on the next day. So I ended up showing up to my class once it had already started. No big deal except no English was allowed!! That was understandable since we were a classroom full of international students learning German.

The reading and writing weren’t the hardest part of the course for me. Listening was pretty hard. So was speaking. Especially the pronunciation. I remember asking my Turkish friends from the school like “what should I do.. my head doesn’t want to understand German?” They said that I just need to learn more. I didn’t realize then how important it was to train listening and practice speaking– preparing for situations and correcting mistakes. We often had writing assignments for homework. In class, we did presentations of what we wrote. We still trained basic grammar. We played games. And we had a workbook that guided our learning. We did many types of activities to get us interacting with the language and to start talking about everyday stuff. I didn’t love going to class but it was okay overall. I also didn’t do much revising in my free time.

 

My First Experience at a Train Station in Europe

Here is a short account I wrote during that summer: So what does it feel like to be outside your home country for the first time? ~July 2015~
When my plane first landed on July 6th, I exited the Frankfurt airports only to come back into the airport to go upstairs to find the underground train station. At first, using the train ticket machine seemed impossible because it did not connect to Stuttgart Bahnhof. An Italian man named Luigi saw that I was having trouble and at first asked me if I was Italian. He suggested that I take the train to Frankfurt Main and so I took the train there with him. When I exited the train station, I walked up and down the same street until a guy working at a hotel saw that I needed help—he took me to Frankfurt Main train station. He spoke with someone who worked at the train station to get me to the right platform, but unfortunately it was not the right one for the ticket I bought. I didn’t know to print off the info either because the ticket doesn’t automatically have the platform number on it. I tried to ask a lady for help and look for the right platform, but I ended up missing the train and had to wait for a few hours until the next train came*. During that time span, I ordered a small strawberry milkshake and a mineral water and I paid a Euro to use the bathroom. There, I changed my top since I was feeling a little gross after being in the same outfit. Then I sat around some more before my train arrived. I was on the train (I reserved my seat) and the lady came by to check my ticket. It was a pretty nice ride to Stuttgart Bahnhof and I was exhausted so I may have drifted off during some of the train ride. At Stuttgart Bahnhof, I was having a difficult time finding Schwaebisch Hall-Hessental in the search results, but I finally found it. When I was waiting for the train, some people saying the train wasn’t coming today, so we were redirected to another train.

*By the way, there is always a large billboard with the train times and each station displays the trains too. But for some reason, I simply couldn’t find the platform that matched my train ticket. :/

 

Great Memories from My First Summer Abroad

You probably could tell that I wasn’t used to navigating in Germany or using trains, but the story goes on so let’s continue! Another good thing about this location was that the city was pretty easy to navigate and there was a pretty awesome program planned for that month by the language school. Each week there was a Stammtisch at a different restaurant. That was a good way to practice German, meet the other international students and enjoy an evening out. The school also had its own little bar that was open on Friday nights. Drinks were cheap and there was good music. Of course there was dancing too! The school really offered such a diverse and fun-filled summer program. There were dance classes. You could go out and draw the city. You also had the chance to participate in a local summer fest and bring food from your country. In addition, we toured a local brewery. They served us free beer and dinner. Well, I think the tour cost 3 Euros. We also took a bus to Neuschwanstein castle. We had the whole day there and also got to visit the town nearby. My summer there was more than just planned events though. I had a blast eating ice cream with my friends, watching movies at home, going to the movie theater, and many other little experiences.

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There was one disco in Schwäbisch-Hall that we went to several times. I had such a blast dancing and meeting people from all around the world. One time I even went to a bigger disco outside of the city and I really loved the atmosphere of German discos. I always went with friends so I felt safe and comfortable. Because it was summer, it was such a great time to have a beer in a Biergarten. It was my first time to have a legal drink! (since I was only 18) And it was such an exciting experience to order a beer and get a Pfand back when I returned the glass. There was also a fair and I had a great time seeing the beautifully decorated rides and having a feeling of being back in USA.

Two good things that I did back then were: 1) I enjoyed myself. Just by participating in activities, meeting new people and being immersed in German language, I learned a lot without stressing myself about learning. That is something I learned the hard way this go around during my exchange year here. Studying is a good thing. And if it is something you enjoy, there is no harm in it, but real life interactions and experiences are much more memorable than just taking notes. 2) I lived in the moment. I wasn’t trying to see all the major cities of Germany in one month. I didn’t have to record every moment on my phone. I took it day by day and focused on what was in front of me.

Once I returned to USA, I did experience some reverse culture shock. My friends were there to pick me up from the airport. And everyone was excited that I was back. Somehow I felt sad and even missed Germany. The stress about finding the right gate at the airport was over. I could easily use my mother tongue. But I missed Germany’s beauty, I viewed USA differently and I felt a bit bored being American in America. Alright. I will conclude this part by sharing what I remember about how I felt before I left: I honestly wasn’t nervous. I wasn’t sure what to expect. But I didn’t have any big worries. It felt like a big experience, but overall, I was relatively relaxed and neutral about it. Following are a few photos of the trip. =)

 

Second Summer Abroad

I’m not going to include as many details about my second summer abroad (the following year). My intentions are to compare the types of programs, how I handled things, and complete my college story in relation to traveling and studying languages. In May 2016, I spent another month in Germany. With the same type of language school but in a different city. This time I was in Mannheim. And I had a goal to really learn German. I was still nervous about exploring the city of Mannheim on my own, but I meet a handful of good friends and we had some good times in the city. This time I also had friends from my German class and we spoke only German together. I got to visit Heidelberg and Darmstadt with a group from the language school. I also made it all the way to Aachen to visit a new friend I had made. And at the end of my trip, I spent about five days in Stuttgart, where I visited my great uncle and also did some sightseeing. Here is a little text I wrote in Mannheim about arriving to Germany for the second time:

Mein Flug nach Stuttgart war gut. Ich habe einen alten Mann kennengelernt. Er ist Amerikaner und liebt seine Familie sehr. Ich konnte nur ein bisschen schlafen. An der Passkontrolle habe ich Deutsch gesprochen. Heute Morgen bin ich zuerst zum Stuttgart Bahnhof gefahren. Dann bin ich mit dem Zug nach Mannheim gefahren. Ich musste mit der Strassen- Bahn zur Sprachschule (Goethe-Institut) fahren. Im Flughafen habe ich nach dem Weg gefragt. Es war einfach Goethe-Institut zu finden. Ich hatte ein kurzes Interview, aber ich hatte den Test schon online gemacht. Ich beginne in einem B2.1 Kurs. Ich werde versuchen, nur Deutsch zu sprechen. Mit anderen Studenten habe ich nur Deutsch gesprochen—auch mit den Angestellten Goethe-Instituts. Hoffentlich habe ich einen schönen Besuch hier und lerne viel Deutsch.

(My flight to Stuttgart was good. I met an older gentleman. He is American and really loves his family. I was only able to sleep a little bit. At the passport control, I spoke German. This morning I first travelled to Stuttgart train station. Then I travelled to Mannheim by train. I had to ride the trolley to the language school. It was easy to find the school. I had a short interview, but I had already done the test online. I will start in a B2.1 course. I am going to try to only speak German. With the other students, I have only spoken German–also with the employees of the language school. Hopefully, I will have a nice visit here and will learn a lot of German.)

 

Leaving Germany for Russia

So now it’s time to finish up this entry by including some information about my Russian trip and explaining a bit more how study abroad works at my home university in USA. Before we apply to any programs or scholarships at my university, we have to visit an informational session at the study abroad office. There you learn about the types of programs offered, scholarships, how to raise money and you have the chance to ask questions. Our study abroad office has a website and also an online platform you use to apply for the programs and also any scholarships from the study abroad office.

During the informational session I learned about AIFS (American Institute for Foreign Study.) With AIFS, I either wanted to visit a Spanish-speaking country or Russia. In Germany (2015),  I met some Russians which got me interested in Russian culture. I thought summer of 2016 was a good time to start learning Russian. Before I left, I skyped with a teacher for a few months and could read the alphabet and knew some basic words. But communication was very hard. Looking back, I don’t regret going when I did. However, I could have studied the language, culture and history more intensively before I left. I was still learning German and studying at university and in May of that year I was in Germany for a month so I probably wouldn’t have had enough time to do any more than what I did. And maybe, two trips abroad in one summer was too much. I had already been away from home for a long time and I didn’t have enough time to invest in preparing for the Russian program since I was in Germany. But anyway, let’s continue.

RUUSKI

My program to Russia was with AIFS, which is an external program from my university. I had to do additional paperwork to get my courses transferred and to receive my summer scholarship for the coursework I did. One form was called “intent to study off-campus” which was for the financial aid office. The other form was about the course work and I had to have each course personally signed off by a professor. For example, an art professor signed off for the Russian art course. A politics professor for the politics course and so on. Then I had to have my advisor do a final signature before I turned it in to the study abroad office. That is a different process than study abroad programs that are from my university–organized by professors. For such study abroad courses, you sign up the same way you do for normal classes and fill out your information on the online study abroad platform. And for the year exchange I am doing now, you register study abroad place credit holders and when you bring your transcript back after the exchange, then you can get the credits added.

And here is a quick snapshot of the Russian study abroad program:

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Even though I made it to several museums and different places in addition to what was included in our program, there was still so much I wanted to see and do! The program was awesome. The city was awesome. Five weeks just wasn’t enough. I would recommend a semester there to make full use of all the options and see more of the city and do nearby excursions.

Another suggestion I have if you do a similar program where a large group of students are all together is to make friends with two smaller groups. People with similar interests tend to group up fast so be very outgoing in the beginning! Don’t be afraid to do things alone either, but I truly suggest trying to have two different groups of people that you connect with and can do things with.

It would take several blog posts to cover a full-reflection (as well as a report) of what I did during my time in Russia. But I’m sure you are a bit curious how it was to be in mysterious, dangerous Russia, so I want to share my perception of Saint Petersburg and how it changed over the five weeks I spent there. My first impression was like wow, it is so beautiful. And I noticed immediately that the atmosphere (how the people behaved and the appearance of the country itself) seemed a lot more distant, serious and melancholic than Germany. For at the least the first two weeks, I was so impressed by the many things to see and felt like it was amazing to see the city both as a tourist and exchange student. Later on, I ended up feeling sad, too. Even doing everyday tasks required a lot of effort and I felt very un-Russian. I felt a bit alone and far away from home. And by my last week there, Saint Petersburg ended up warming up to me. I met new people casually in public. I ended up hanging with a friend who had broken away and done their own thing the previous weeks. My coursework was coming to an end and slowly I was making use of the Russian language.

When I returned back home to USA, I made the decision to apply for a year-long exchange in Germany. I ended up not getting accepted into the program, but I had already made the decision to spend a year in Germany. So when applications for the Erlangen exchange from my university rolled around the following spring, I had to apply! I have been living in Germany for 7 months already. And I am not ready for my time here to end.

That was my introduction to studying abroad for American students. Each day I experienced something special. I also encountered new things that helped me grow as a person. My first two summers abroad were just the beginning! I plan to share several posts about my current study abroad here in Erlangen, Germany.

 

Enjoy the spring,

Stephanie F.

First Time Visiting a Concentration Camp (August 2017)

Dachau was the model for other camps. It was first. The quote on the front gate of the camp reads “Arbeit macht frei.” Working was supposed to “rehabilitate criminals and other wrong-doers.”

Dachau

September 1, 2017: I saw a concentration camp for the first time this week. I was in Munich before I traveled to Erlangen. I went on a tour to Dachau. Even though I was physically at the place, it was still hard for me to picture the terror that occurred there. Because something so terrible, yet so controlled is simply unthinkable. The tour guide really knew a lot about the history of the concentration camp and I learned a lot of details that I previously did not know. For example, that Dachau was used as a safe place for refugees in the 1950s.

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Memorial artwork to commemorate the lost lives during the years 1933-1945

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On the grounds of Dachau near the maintenance building and entrance
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a multifunctional unit that was used for registering new inmates; the quote on the roof of the building is translated as: “There is a path to freedom. Its milestones are Obedience, Honesty, Cleanliness, Sobriety, Hard Work, Discipline, Sacrifice, Truthfulness, Love of thy Fatherland.”

 

Dachau was the model for other camps. It was first. The quote on the front gate of the camp reads “Arbeit macht frei.” Working was supposed to “rehabilitate criminals and other wrong-doers.” There were some German speaking victims who lived in the camp, but many came from different countries and could not speak German. The largest group of prisoners came from Poland, followed by Germany and then citizens of the former Soviet Union. Therefore, some of them could not even understand these quotes, which were supposed to guide their every-day thinking. As soon as they arrived at Dachau, prisoners were stripped of their individuality and basic human dignity. It did not matter if they had a uniform that fit or shoes that matched. Their entire body was shaved. They were placed into a category according to “the crime that they committed.”  (See below.)

marking system

Arbeit macht frei
front gates
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liberation by the Americans

 

Apart from having to work 12-hour shifts after only eating a thin soup, the victims were subjected to various types of torture by the guards. The fear and discipline there was so intense that guards barely had to supervise when prisoners admitted new prisoners or had a role as a leader among fellow prisoners. Many prisoners died from starvation and diseases since hygiene was so poor and quarters were so close. Although the Nazis tried to keep it hidden, many prisoners committed suicide by jumping onto the electric fence surrounding the grounds.

The first crematorium was too small to keep up will all the deaths and a second had to be built. (The second featured disinfection “showers” in one part of the building.) Apart from the physical abuse from guards (some really awful forms of torture were used) and lack of nutrition and individuality, prisoners also lived in extremely crowded conditions. Where 200 men should be living according to the size of the housing, 2,000 men were living there. The beds were not divided but rather a huge wooden bunk bed.

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The barracks
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Each of the 32 former barracks are no longer standing, but they are indicated by the foundations you see here.
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The perimeter fence
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“Remember how we died here”

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gas chamber disguised as a shower room “Brausebad” ; reported to have never been used
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the first crematorium

 

The true situation of the camp was not portrayed in newspapers as such. Work camps were supposed to be something good for the country. The Nazis didn’t build murder camps in their back yard in order to hide what was happening in a neighboring country like Poland. There were numerous concentration camps in Germany and a few death camps as well, but Dachau is not considered to be one of them. It is still estimated that there were 200,000 prisoners at Dachau and deaths as high as 30,000.

If someone tried to escape the camp, they would have most likely failed due to the ditches and large electric fences around the grounds. There was also an SS academy (SS: “Schutzstaffel”- a Nazi security group) nearby as a final threat. Prisoners also saw the academy when they were walking by foot to the camp during arrival–a threatening introduction to Dachau. Sick were kept separately until they got better (if they got better). Even some experiments were held there such as tests with air pressure to see what humans could withstand as well as hypothermia experiments. Hundreds of prisoners suffered, died or were executed in the medical experiments.

Political prisoners, who had attempted to murder Hitler or who had committed similar crimes, had larger quarters in special facilities. For example, Georg Else, a Swabian carpenter who attempted to kill Hitler on a lone mission, lived under relatively favored conditions until he was shot dead in front of a wall in Dachau. Else had installed a time-bomb in the Munich Beer Hall, where Hitler commemorated the anniversary of the failed Nazi 1923 putsch. Due to foggy weather, Hitler changed his travel plans to an earlier train ride and the bomb went off after Hitler was already gone. Such political prisoners were killed before the camp was liberated by Americans under Hitler’s orders. If seeing all these horrible facilities as an informational museum wasn’t heart-breaking enough, they also played a film that told the story of the Holocaust and of Dachau with original footage.

There are also numerous artistic and religious memorials throughout the grounds that commemorate the victims and urge us to never forget. WWII and the Holocaust are discussed to great extent in American schools. What isn’t discussed enough is the 150 years leading up to the Nazi siege of power, which teaches us how such horror developed due to political instability and poor living and working conditions. The horrible crimes that were committed were not based on a single decision, but were part of a long process of terror, propaganda and total control by the Nazi government. We might be aware of fascist aesthetics and hate among others, but would we be willing to stand up to it? Would we be passive and live off the struggle of others? Or would we too become a victimizer when our governmental authority tells us that it is okay? (A video series about social psychology– to help us understand how such horrible things could happen anywhere)

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“Never Again”
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The colors and symbols represent the marking system used to label inmates. However, on this memorial piece there is no pink represented (for homosexuals)
Memorial Artwork
“May the example of those who were exterminated here between 1933-1945 because they resisted Nazism help to unite the living for the defense of peace and freedom and in respect for their fellow men”

 

The following photos are of the various religious memorials at Dachau.

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Jewish memorial

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more than 6 million Jews fell victim to Nazi tyranny
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The Mortal Agony of Church Chapel
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Protestant Church for Reconciliation
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Russian Orthodox Chapel

 

That’s it for this entry! I shared what I learned about the camp during the tour. I introduced the camp and some of what happened during the Third Reich. The Third Reich is a very extensive topic in German History. Too much has been destroyed and lost to even paint a full picture of every atrocity that happened at Dachau. But, we know enough to hopefully never allow something like the Holocaust to happen again. And I hope that you are feeling grateful rather than depressed after reading this. I strongly recommend Man’s Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl. The book is a response to the question: “How was everyday life in a concentration camp reflected in the mind of the average prisoner?” Frankl was a psychologist and Auschwitz concentration camp inmate.  It is a book that very well may change your perspective about the purpose of life.

Currently, German students take day trips to such camps to learn about the Holocaust. Learning about history is just as important as being aware of what is happening in the moment all around the globe. Remember, not all Germans were Nazis and not all Nazis were German. We should never forget, be informed of today’s news and self-reflect. Thanks for reading about my experience at Dachau!

 

Sincerely,

Stephanie F.

What to Pack for a Study Abroad in Germany

featured photo: Würzburger Residenz & Hofgarten

~Here is my first attempt at writing a list of what one may need for a study abroad in Germany. ~

Things to bring if living abroad for an extended time:

  • refillable water bottle (Water is not free in Germany! Do not expect a glass of water to come with your meal. You will have to pay for a bottle of still or carbonated water. In summer when you are travelling, having a bottle will save you money because you can easily refill in the bathroom or at public fountains. The water quality has to follow European Union standards so it is quite okay to drink from the faucet.)
  • power converter (you can order online before your trip)
  • recyclable bag (2x) (Another difference between USA & Germany- you pay for the plastic bags when shopping in Germany. So save yourself money by taking a recyclable bag with you before shopping. Use less plastic.)
  • “book” bag (You mean need it for your classes or to take what you need for longer bus rides/excursions.)
  • smaller purse (Having a smaller purse–or maybe just a wallet–is convenient when you go out to a bar or club.)
  • rags (at least 4 or 5)
  • 2 towels
  • nail clippers
  • Band-Aids
  • sheets (if you know the bed size) & pillow (if you have the space)
  • 2 folders for paperwork
  • a journal to write about your trip in
  • some loose paper and a few pens and pencils
  • 2 books to read
  • photos
  • a laptop
  • umbrella

Things to buy shortly after arriving:

  • sheets, comforter & pillow
  • cleaning supplies (spray, wipes, toilet bowl brush, broom & dustpan)
  • Advil
  • hand soap
  • a candle or air-freshener
  • detergent
  • dishes & dish soap
  • clear tape (to hang photos)
  • a small lamp
  • scissors (if needed)
  •  a small plant

Best,

Stephanie F.

English tutor in Germany~ the program, what I do, and my current thoughts

I have already given ten lessons to the original group of students as well as three lessons with a newly-organized second group of students. When I first arrived in Erlangen, I had a lot of free time and wanted to make use of it. I also wanted to find some experience as an English teacher in Germany. I have accomplished that. But it has been a lot more work than expected. I receive an honor wage for teaching during the hour. The wage is based on how many students (2-6) and how long the lesson lasts (45 minutes- 1 hour- 90 minutes). With transportation costs, I only get to keep half of it. Travelling also costs me a lot of time. Half of my day is spent travelling there, giving a lesson and coming back. Although I felt good working with the students when they tried and—apart from a few bad attitudes—the students were nice to me and even curious about who I am and what I do, planning two lessons each week, spending two of my days each week for travelling and teaching, and not having more time to travel for fun around Germany and Europe and engage in other hobbies has really built up stress in me the past few weeks.

The program was excited to have a native English speaker volunteering with them. However, because both groups are mixed from different grade levels (5th, 6th and 7th graders- ages 10-14), I am responsible for managing a classroom with different levels of maturity and different levels of studies. I could have spoken more with the teachers to find out what they found most important for our lessons, but I realized too that maybe the students are already bored with what they learn in class and would rather do something new but still related to class lessons. I was given no plan, no books and no materials. I have purchased a few books to help me with teaching grammar and vocabulary. I got a suggestion from the program coordinator to have games prepared in case they get bored and that is all I can do for the rest of the lesson. She also suggested that we have some sort of routine like listening to a song at the start of each lesson. I have used games, but I have switched it up with the routine. The goal of me giving English lessons to the students was to teach them basic English and improve their confidence when using the language. Some of the other volunteers work with just a few students from one class and can work a bit closer with the teacher. They also have to prepare the lessons (Math and German language) since it is not a strict lesson plan like in traditional class, but they also can help the students with their homework or direct topics that they learn.

My second group has been studious; they are more mature and have obviously tried before in their English class. I plan a lesson for them and it goes smoothly. In the beginning, I also liked planning the lessons for the first group. But the first group (even though they like talking with me) seem to have little interest in learning, in languages and they are easily distracted—whether it is because they have problems concentrating or because they get bored. On top of that, they are very talkative and when one pupil is not having it, others quickly join in. Sometimes I also think that they are afraid to try because they don’t care or are afraid to make mistakes—maybe they even feel stressed about school and would rather be nonchalant. One to two hours of work goes into planning each lesson and when the students only put 50% of work in the lesson (barely doing enough to finish it), it doesn’t matter that I am a native English speaker or how fun the lesson is. I don’t mean to imply that my first group of students hadn’t learned any English before. They all have different strengths and interests. I didn’t get to cover as much material with the first group as I wanted since I have only enough time and mental capacity to plan one lesson each week and will just being taking on the second group for the rest of the school year. The first half of the program ends in March and I am not sure if the first group gained much from our lessons, but I need a break from worrying myself about lesson planning for two classes. I also want to add that this has been a great opportunity for me to practice my German since I do teach the lessons in German and the pupils speak to me in German. My German still isn’t perfect, and I may even do a post about some of the difficulties I face as an advanced student of German in everyday Germany.

Well, that was an update about my role as an English tutor/teacher in Germany. Below I will share some additional information about the program I am volunteering with. Hopefully, I can start writing about the individual lesson plans and how they went soon. I have taken good notes about the lesson plans and have materials still ready on my computer, so I should be able to share some useful information for English tutors in Germany or teachers in general.
• I filled out an online form providing them with my bank information for the payments. That was on the same online platform where I upload the monthly log of lessons in order to receive payment.
• After each lesson, we write what we did, who was present/absent and we need an official signature. All the paperwork is stored in a large binder in the secretary’s office at the school. We take photos of the paperwork and upload them online at home.
• I had to sign a contract with the program.
• The program lasted longer than the university, so I am still giving lessons in the middle school during my university break here.
• During the kick-off informational session at the school, we got paperwork with emergency numbers and school rules. We also got some forms to fill-out. One was as a background check to get from the city hall. Another was if we had ever been a part of any extremist groups. We also got some forms that we can use when a pupil has an unexcused absence or really disrupted the class.
• Before the kick-off session at the school, I went to an informational seminar that explained the program, what was expected and what benefits there are for being a part of the program.
• Because they had to plan the English class extra, I started three weeks late with the first group and didn’t get a second group of students until mid-February whereas I started with my first group in December.
• Finally, here is the program’s website. It is in German, but I have already covered most information =)
https://www.zfl.fau.de/praxis-theorie/lernfoerderung/

To conclude, it is a great program that allows university students who want to work in education to gain practical experience. Pupils receive extra support in the school that they wouldn’t be able to receive otherwise. The community is brought closer. Everyone in the program and at the school have been helpful and friendly.

Thanks for reading,

Stephanie F.

Würzburg Ausflug (4. Oktober 2017)

“If I was a future poet and was busy choosing my place of birth, then I would very much consider the city of Würzburg. ” -Hermann Hesse

After my  two-and-a-half week-long intensive German language course, I had three weeks off before my university courses began. Amazing right? By the second week, I was recovering from a surprise surgery, so I was only able to do a few of my travel plans during this vacation time. I have German health insurance and was able to heal for two weeks before my courses began so it wasn’t so bad overall.
My first week off was rainy in Bavaria/Franconia, but during the beginning of the week we only experienced light drizzles with some sunshine. By the end of the week, it was raining much steadier. So fortunately for me, I was able to enjoy my excursions to Bamberg and especially Würzburg. And in this post, I will be sharing my experiences in Würzburg and adding a little history in the mix too. Würzburg is the first destination on the “Romantic Road”  in southern Germany and a must-see city in Bavaria/Franconia. I’ll tell you why I think that…

  • Getting there & travel costs: I woke up at 6am to get ready and walk to the bus station at the other end of Erlangen. I used Flixbus and only paid 8 Euro each way. The bus ride lasted 75 minutes each way. Having the Flixbus app is super convenient because you can pay through the app (with bank connection or PayPal) and you have a digital ticket so there is no stress about forgetting a ticket and you are saving paper. Plus, you can get updates through the app incase the bus is running late. On the buses are outlets, Wi-Fi and a restroom. Travelling on the bus takes much longer than on the train but you also can save a lot of money. So enough about getting there and Flixbus, let’s jump into my first impressions of Würzburg.
  • First impressions: The train station was super crowded and the city was going at a very fast pace. There are trains, buses and boats that travel through the city so it’s understandable that it would have such a fast travel pace. The largest part of the population are students and they stay busy too. Despite that, I saw many nice shops. I wanted to buy some things but didn’t have the time to shop before sightseeing. The architecture is very beautiful throughout the city and I got a positive feeling being there. Once you have made it from the train station to the historic center where the three main churches are, I think it is pretty easy to find your way.


I did my first city tour alone in German (language) and really enjoyed it…
I paid 5 euro (as a student) to participate in the tour. The tour lasted about 90 minutes. When travelling to a place for the first time, I truly recommend doing a tour because tour guides are experts on the city and can point out minor details that average eyes would overlook. I’ll give an example:

This is a depiction of Mary receiving the news that she will have baby Jesus. If you look closely at the tube coming out of the man’s beard, you will see a little baby sliding down “being whispered into Mary’s ears.” This is on the Marienkapelle church (see below), which I’ll discuss in more detail after I discuss the tour.

When everyone introduced themselves, the tour guide asked me if it would be okay for me that the tour was in German since I was American. Really Germans are surprised when non-natives speak their language at a high level–I don’t think she was being condescending. She spoke standard German and not too fast either. She didn’t use many words that I hadn’t heard before; although, I can’t speak as nice as her in German yet. In comparison to the boat tour I did in Hamburg the following weekend, where the tour guide spoken much faster with more slang and specialized Hafen vocabulary, the German vocabulary about art, architecture and history was much easier to follow. I loved doing the tour in German because it felt more authentic and less touristy and !!exciting!! as some of the tours for English-speakers. There is the stereotype that Germans keep distance and don’t like bodily contact, but our group tour felt very intimate and friendly. I was also the only student among middle-aged German couples and a group of blind people who were brave enough to do the tour with us seeing-people. Maybe doing the tour in Würzburg is what gave me more appreciation for the city compared to not doing a tour in Bamberg.

Our plan:


Now I will take you along the tour..

The tour began at the Falkenhaus, which was built in 1751 and features ornate stucco façade. It is the yellow being in the third picture below and happens to be where the tourist center is located. We spent a lot of time talking about the late gothic Marienkapelle church (that includes the depiction of Mary I described earlier). This church was originally built from 1377 to 1480. The figures in the fourth picture below are of Adam and Eve. They are works from Tilman Riemenschneider (although, the originals are actually in the Mainfraenkisches Museum in the city). The interior of the church had to be replaced after 1945, but some paintings and sculptures are original. Riemenschneider is known for his melancholic figures. The tour guide asked us what we thought about one of his sculptures of a man inside the church and there were many creative answers. I was thinking “nachdenklich” (pensive) but “melancholisch” is the adjective she was looking for.

After the church, we visited a memorial of the destruction caused in WWII which is located near the new city hall.  I’ll discuss this more under “what I learned.” Our next stop was the “old main bridge”:

​​Alte Mainbrücke ~constructed 1473-1543 in place of an old Romanesque bridge. The Saint statues were added around 1730. Due to this bridge, Würzburg is often compared to Prague. Some people on the tour also thought of Heidelberg. What do you think?

We briefly got to discuss the Neumünster (church) and Cathedral of St. Kilian, which are located beside each other. Both of which I’ll discuss in more detail shortly.

Next to the churches is a little garden~ Lusamgärtchen is the monument for Walter von der Vogelweide, a Minnesänger (mindstrel/medieval singer) who composed and performed love-songs and political songs (“Sprüche”) in Middle High German.  There was even a bard there to serenade us. If you have Liebeskummer (lovesickness), you can leave a note here.



What I learned:

I asked if Martin Luther had been there. Yes, he had. I also read online somewhere that he hid in a castle but I guess it wasn’t in Würzburg because she said “Er hatte keine Chance” (“Martin Luther had no Chance.”) The catholic power was too strong to be changed by Luther.

But the Peasants’ war did reach Würzburg and they hurt the famous Tillman Riemenschneider’s hands so he couldn’t do his work anymore. Here’s a synopsis of the Luther-Riemenschneider-peasant-revolt situation:


Würzburg is a city of Dienstleistung (service) and Studenten–not a industrial city. Wine is produced but it is not enough to support the whole city.

Churchill und die Alliierten (Churchill and the allies): historians aren’t sure why the British (under Churchill instructions) decided to bomb and destroy the city. It was a city with a middle-large population but not much industry. So was it really a strategic move? Or were they rücksichtlos (ruthless)?

Die Käppele (pilgrimage church) which was built 1748-1752 was not destroyed in the war. Würzburgers are very proud of it. I didn’t get to visit this church and could only admire it from afar at the bridge. Here is a photo of it:

The Catholic Church had all the power. Once the church and state separated in 1802/3, Bayern took Würzburg for their kingdom.

Some relevant points of history I adopted from the visitor’s guide:

  • As long ago as roughly 1000 BC the first Celtic refuge was on the Marienberg.
  • Around 600 AD the Seat of the Franconian duke was inWürzburg
  • In 742 the Diocese of Würzburg was founded
  • In 1168 Frederic Barbarossa confirms the dukedom Franconia
  • During the Peasants’ War, Würzburg sides with the farmers
  • In 1802 secularization causes the dissolving of the prince-bishopric
  • In 1814 Würzburg was annexed by Bavaria
  • In 1895 Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen discovers the x-rays (Try to pronounce this verb in German! =) dict.cc see below)

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  • In 1945 ninety percent of the city is destroyed by aerial bombings
  • In 1970 reconstruction of the Old City is almost complete

 

What I did for the rest of the day & my impressions: 

The tour ended at the perfect time to be able to attend the meditation session/organ ceremony at the Cathedral of Saint Kilian. This church is the fourth largest Romanesque cathedral in Germany. The construction started 1040 and the east towers were finished in 1237. You may notice the mix of architecture styles. It was also burned out in 1945 but some original Baroque stucco remains inside. I decided to record it (although I missed some of the beginning) since my fellow students had a chance to participate in an Atlanta-based project where religious ceremonies are recorded and basic information is shared about the service. I only recorded the sound but I edited the photos of the church where the ceremony took place. Doesn’t the organ sound amazing?

 

 

~Fortress Marienburg: First served as a refuge during the Hallstatt era (1000BC) Construction started around 1200 AD. It later served as the seat of Prince bishops from 1253-1700. It was remodeled into a Renaissance castle in 1600 and after Swedish conquest, it was expanded into a Baroque fortress with royal gardens in 1631. It was really huge! And quite a climb up there. I wish I would have had time for a tour of the castle, but I was able to visit the Fürstenbaummuseum there. I’ll share a bit about it.




Some museums are so large that you practically get lost. This museum was relatively small. It was about the living quarters of the Prince Bishops and some treasury. Many of the older items weren’t so interesting in my opinion and the museum didn’t really tell a cohesive story until the modern section, which featured city history. One painting there really impressed me. It is a depiction of the Mainbrücke after the bombings of WWII.


After seeing the fortress I wanted to see the interior of the last of the three main churches: Neumünster~ Romanesque basilica from the 11th century. Additional construction was done as late as 1716 when the Baroque façade was added. It was erected at the grave of Saint Kilian.

I have seen many ceiling paintings in German churches but never any paintings like the ones hanging on the walls of this church.

My final stop: UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site~ Residence Palace: Constructed 1720-1744. It is a principal work of South German Baroque era architecture and one of the most important castles in Europe.


Every proper castle or palace has a garden. I learned that on the city tour in Erlangen during my orientation week (I may write a post later about the university castle & garden in Erlangen.) How many though have such a beautiful garden as Würzburg does?

Court Gardens:

I did not have enough time to see everything (such as going inside the Residence Palace) and had to hurry to cover the main areas. There are still a few things I’d love to see there, and I hope I will be able to go back when the weather is nice.

To conclude, I want to return to the quote from Hermann Hesse… For those who understand German, take a quick look at this Wikipedia article.


Hermann Hesse happens to be one of my favorite German authors. His book, Siddartha, was such a powerful story. Do you have a favorite novel by Hesse?  I’ll paraphrase what the Wikipedia article had to stay about Hesse in English. He did some travelling and wrote in different cities, different countries. He spent some time in Würzburg, where he even wrote a text “Einst in Würzburg”. He gave the city the best compliment: “If I was a future poet and was busy choosing my place of birth, then I would very much consider the city of Würzburg. ” -Hermann Hesse

I hope you enjoyed reading this post almost  as much as I loved being in Würzburg.

Sincerely,
Stephanie F.

Bamberg Ausflug (2. Oktober 2017)

Bamberg is described as one of several of the most beautiful cities to see in Germany. Its close location to Nuremberg makes it a great day trip for those who like visiting historical cities. A large part of the city is a UNESCO heritage site.

My first impression of Bamberg when walking from the train station into the old city center was thinking how beautiful the bridges and view of the water were. (Bamberg is situated on the Regnitz river.) It felt like a German city but somehow different than Erlangen. I saw families, students, tourists and everyday people.

Even before I reached the part of the city with the historic sites that tourists usually come to see (more about that soon), I saw many interesting buildings and sculptures. Since my student travel pass allows me to travel for free with buses and trains and Bamberg is included in the travel network, I plan to go back and explore the market area, many shops and unique architecture that there is to see when friends or family come to visit me in Erlangen.

What is Bamberg’s place in German history? The town dates back to 902. The Roman King Henry II made the town into a separate diocese in 1007. The University of Bamberg was established 1647. Bamberg became linked to the rail system in 1844. It is one of few German cities that was not bombed in World War II.

How I planned my sight-seeing activities and the main things people visit in Bamberg: Before I travelled to Bamberg I searched a few websites to find the most praised tourist sights to see and I marked them on Google maps. For one, it allowed me to estimate how much time I would need to see everything since I could see how close everything was located. Two, I had a visual idea of how the city was organized before travelling there. Three, once I was there the places were already marked on my map and I could easily start a route planer to get me there.

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Some of the main sights are:
Bamberg Cathedral (1237), with the tombs of Emperor Henry II and Pope Clement II



Alte Hofhaltung, residence of the bishops in the 16th and 17th centuries (a choir group was singing while I was there)

Neue Residenz, residence of the bishops after the 17th century. Here you want to see the garden!



-Bamberg State Library in the New Residence
Old town hall (1386), built in the middle of the Regnitz river, accessible by two bridges *pictures see below under UNESCO site*
-Klein-Venedig (“Little Venice”), a colony of fishermen’s houses from the 19th century along one bank of the river Regnitz
-Michaelsberg Abbey, built in the 12th century on one of Bamberg’s “Seven Hills”
-Altenburg, castle, former residence of the bishops

My favorite thing that I saw in Bamberg was the foot path up to the castle. Unfortunately, the castle was closed on that day (Monday) so I did not get to see it up close and personal. But the view of the city from the foot path and the peaceful, quiet nature around me was so wunderschön. I wasn’t aware of the foot path before I arrived in Bamberg–I just followed street signs from the main area where the Cathedral and other main attractions were and made my way up the hill. It was a pretty active climb up there too.



I recommend taking the walk by foot to look at the view down on the city, but if you want to tour the castle, I recommend checking on the hours and taking a bus tour up there. My GPS led me to some trails in the wood instead of to footpath I needed to get to the castle entrance (maybe the footpaths were correct but they were blocked since the castle was closed that day, or maybe I just didn’t find the right direction). I did see a road which would have taken me up to the castle, but it was for cars only.


Therefore, the walking trail is extraordinarily beautiful–grassy hills and such an amazing view. But finding the way to the castle from there proved a little tricky by foot.

What are some things that makes Bamberg special?

  1. There are seven hills in Bamberg, each with its own church. That is why some call Bamberg “Franconian Rome.” Although my Google research recommended me to take my time walking through Bamberg’s many romantic hills, I did not realize that each of the seven hills had a church until afterwards

 

2. UNESCO Site which wasn’t destroyed in the war- including the town hall that sits above the river





3. Rauchbier- I did try this beer, but I didn’t like it. I like grilled food but not really that savory, smoky taste so it’s not really a surprise that I wouldn’t care for that flavor in my beer.

My concluding impressions of the city: If you have already travelled to several cities in Bavaria or just have a lot of free time, Bamberg is worth the visit. However, it is not the most memorable city Germany has to offer (meiner Meinung nach). And unfortunately, many of the historical buildings were under construction while I was there. The city definitely has its charm and feels pretty small and cozy settled into its hills. It is a pretty popular tourist destination and, on a Monday, it was crowded. For some reason, many businesses are closed on Monday such as the Altenburg (castle) and some restaurants. I enjoyed my time in Bamberg and waking up, taking the train and just discovering a new place on my own. Luckily, I did not get rained out but the weather was still a little gray and I was not absolutely in love with the city itself.

That’s it for today! If you want to read more about travelling in Germany, I recommend the following blog. The author also wrote a very informative post about Bamberg: Travelling in Germany- Bamberg

Have a nice holiday season,

Stephanie

Hamburg’s Miniatur Wunderland: A depiction of 6,000 years of German history

Dear Readers,

Today is Thursday, October 12th and after four days in a German hospital in Hamburg, where I know only one person, I am glad to be back on my feet and slowly recovering.  Due to my operation and hospital stay, my blog posts have been delayed. Fortunately, I got to do some sightseeing in Hamburg before all that happened.

Hamburg’s Miniatur Wunderland was personally recommended to me and is also considered to be one of Hamburg’s top three attractions on the internet. This post will focus on one specific exhibition at the museum.

I will begin with a little background information about Miniatur Wunderland just to make it clearer what I am actually describing then I will jump into describing the exhibition and its relevance for German Civilization: 

  • Miniatur Wunderland (English: miniature wonderland) is a model railway attraction in the historic Speicherstadt of Hamburg.
  • Some of the exhibits in the museum include: America, Scandinavia, Hamburg, Switzerland and Austria.
  • The creators wanted to build the largest model railway attraction in the world. But to reduce it to the words “model railway” would not do it justice. It is truly a unique experience and one needs some time to really take a look at everything.
  • Apart from the liveliness of the exhibitions (moving components, lights, and sounds), it is also impressive from different sizes of perspectives. Artistry, creativity and thoughtfulness are seen in the smallest details.
  • The “people” in the exhibit are smaller than toy soldiers, but they all have outfits and personality. From a medium perspective, a particular scene appears to be alive as if you are seeing it life-size. And from the largest perspective–seeing the entire depiction of Hamburg or Scandinavia for example–is like looking at a beautiful 4-D painting.

It is hard to describe Miniatur Wunderland with concrete words, but I hope that you have an idea of what it is now. If you would like a little more information, the following link is a video that describes Miniatur Wunderland in 4 minutes (there is also an English version on the website): Miniatur Wunderland. So now that we have covered the basics let’s move on to the exhibit about German civilization.

The exhibit “Über 6.000 Jahre deutsche Geschichte – dargestellt in acht Dioramen” (More than 6,000 years German history depicted in eight dioramas) is actually not one of the main exhibitions. Each diorama is encased in its own small glass box and it is located at the exit near the featured exhibit “Die geteilte Stadt” (A City Divided). Without images or good imagination, it can be difficult to picture how people lived thousands of years ago or even how the earth looked before industrialization. That is what makes this creation quite practical. It is a new way to have a look into the past without searching Google images or watching a film.

At the exhibition you are able to put on headphones and listen to descriptions of each scene. If you don’t understand German, English text is shown on monitors above the glass cases. I recommend checking out the German version on the website and watching the video series: The history of our civilization.

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What does the exhibit have to say about German history? (The photos of the display are my personal photos but the information about each time period is directly from Wunderland’s website.)

  • 5500-2200 AC – Die Jungsteinzeit (Neolithicum)

Jungsteinzeit

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  • 770-1300 – Das Mittelalter (Early Middle Ages)

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  • 1300-1600 – Das späte Mittelalter (Late Middle Ages)

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Late Middle Ages Title

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  • 1600-1789 – Das Barockzeitalter bis zur Französischen Revolution (Baroque Age until French Revolution)

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  • 1789- 1848- Zeit der Revolutionen (The Age of Revolutions)

Revolution

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  • 1848-1910 – Der Beginn des deutschen Kaiserreiches (Begin of the German Empire)/ Das “Lange” 19. Jahrhundert

Lange Jahrhundert

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Begin of German Empire TITEL

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  • 1910-1933 – Von Kaiser Wilhelm bis zur Weimarer Republik (Kaiser Wilhelm until Weimar Republic)

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  • 1933-1942 – Die Machtergreifung der Nationalsozialisten (The Nazi regime’s seizure of political power)

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Nazi Power

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The exhibition provides an overview of German history in a short amount of time. One thing that I noticed is the more recent the time period, the shorter it is. Technology and other advances had big influences on civilization. So many big changes happened in the past two hundert years. In much older times advancement happened much slower. My questions for you guys are: Did you learn anything new? What do you think about Miniatur Wunderland? What parallels do you see between the depictions and course materials?

Thanks for reading. I am looking forward to your responses.

Beste Grüße

Stephanie

Why “Austauscherfahrungen”?

Intro to the blog!

Dear readers,

My name is Stephanie Ford and I am a big fan of world languages and culture. I will be living and studying in Erlangen, Germany until next August (2018).

My home university is Georgia State in Atlanta, Georgia. I am a senior and I’m currently doing a few online courses with Georgia State in order to complete my degree requirements. Although I miss class discussions, I still must do some “class participation.” My class participation is vor Ort (“locally”).

In this blog, I will share excursions, film reviews and research projects related to the course “German Civilization.” I will also share my opinions on sightseeing I may have done, useful insider tips, and some comparisons between German and American culture.

I invite my fellow students to read about my experience here as an exchange student as well as anyone else interested in Germany or studying abroad.